Thursday, September 29, 2022
HomeFactsHow To Read Allergy Blood Test Results Ku L

How To Read Allergy Blood Test Results Ku L

What Is Done If A Skin Test Cant Be Done

Reading your basic blood test results – A brief tour for Portal users!

For these patients, a doctor may use special blood tests, such as the RAST and the . These tests measure the presence of specific types of IgE in the blood.

These tests may cost more than skin tests, and results are not available immediately. As with skin testing, positive RAST and ELISA tests do not by themselves necessarily make the final diagnosis.

Your Lab Report May Include Some Or All Of The Following Test Results

Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose IgE

  • This is a measure of your galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose specific IgE antibodies.

Pork IgE and Beef IgE

  • These are measures of your IgE antibodies to the proteins in beef and pork.
  • The samples used to perform these tests may contain both proteins and alpha-gal.

Total IgE

  • This is a measure of all your IgE antibodies to all allergens, not just to one specific allergen.

Allergies To Mammalian Meat

Red meat, at least in some populations, is a major food allergen .

There is more than one mammalian meat allergy. These allergies differ from each other in significant ways. The three dominant forms of mammalian meat allergy are :

  • Alpha-gal syndrome: an allergy to the sugar galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose in mammalian meat, other parts of mammals, and products derived from them 00180-8/fulltext” rel=”nofollow”> 3)
  • Primary beef allergy
  • Pork-cat syndrome: an allergy to pork caused by exposure to cats 02645-0/abstract” rel=”nofollow”> 23)

In addition, about 20% of children with milk allergy experience reactions after eating beef .

Figure 1. Distribution of component-based diagnoses of 261 cases of self-reported mammalian meat allergy. Reproduced with permission from Elsevier.

Wilson JM, Schuyler AJ, Workman L, Gupta M, James HR, Posthumus J, McGowan EC, Commins SP, Platts-Mills TA. Investigation into the -gal syndrome: characteristics of 261 children and adults reporting red meat allergy. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. 2019 Sep 1 7:2348-58.

Don’t Miss: Allergy Pills Cetirizine

What The Test Results Mean

You need to ask your doctor what the numbers in your lab report mean. We are not qualified to interpret them for you. However, the following guide may help you talk to your doctor about your results.

Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose IgE and Total IgE

  • At the time this is being written, antibody levels > 0.10 kU/L are typically considered a positive test result .
  • Antibody levels > 2 IU/ml or > 2% of total IgE make the diagnosis of alpha-gal syndrome very likely .
  • Physicians at UVA recently saw a case with a convincing history whose total serum IgE was 6.0 IU/ml and alpha-gal IgE was 0.8 IU/ml. Thus, although the sIgE was < 1.0 IU/mL it was nonetheless > 10% of the total IgE.
  • Only 1-8% of individuals who are sensitized to alpha-gal have clinical alpha-gal syndrome . This means that many people who test positive for alpha-gal IgE do not seem to exhibit symptoms after eating red meat. As reactivity to alpha-gal appears to occur on a spectrum, a portion of these people may react to some medications or medical products containing alpha-gal and/or experience symptoms after eating mammalian organs, which contain more alpha-gal than mammalian muscle.
  • As with any allergy, false negatives also occur, although they are less common.
  • Anecdotal reports from people with AGS seem to suggest that a not insignificant number of people who are initially seropositive for alpha-gal IgE eventually revert to seronegative but continue to experience reactions.

Pork IgE and Beef Ig

What Are The Types Of Immunoglobulin Antibodies That Are Found In The Body

Beck

In general, there are three major immunoglobulin antibodies found in the body. Immunoglobulin A: These antibodies are found in the blood, saliva and the tears. They are also located in the mucous membranes of the lungs, sinuses, stomach, and intestines. Immunoglobulin G: This is the most common form of antibody that fight against the germs and prevents another repeat attack.-Immunoglobulin M: These are the first line of defense when the body is exposed to a new germ before the Immunoglobulin G takes charge.-Immunoglobulin E: These antibodies are generated as a reaction to allergens like pollen or certain foods and are tested when an allergy occurs.

Don’t Miss: How Long Does It Take For Fluticasone To Work

How It Is Done

The health professional doing the skin prick or intradermal test will:

  • Clean the test site with alcohol.
  • Place drops of the about 1 in. to 2 in. apart. This allows many substances to be tested at the same time.
  • Prick the skin under each drop with a needle. The needle passes through the drop and allows some of the allergen to penetrate your skin. For the intradermal test, a needle is used to inject the allergen solution deeper into the skin.
  • Check the skin after 12 to 15 minutes for red, raised itchy areas called wheals. If a wheal forms, it means you are possibly allergic to that allergen .

Another skin prick method uses a device with 5 to 10 points , which are dipped into bottles that contain the allergen extract. This device is pressed against the skin of the forearm or back so that all heads are pressed into the skin at the same time.

Limitations Of Rast Testing

One of the central roles of the immune system is to produce proteins called antibodies to fight any substance or organism it views as a threat. When you have an allergy, your immune system will mistakenly regard a harmless substance as a threat and produce immunoglobulin E antibodies specific to that allergen.

When your healthcare provider orders a RAST test, you will be asked to provide a blood sample. The lab will then use the RAST technology to look for allergen-specific IgE antibodies, the results of which they will list in a lab report.

As straightforward as this may seem, the RAST test has its definite limitations. While a RAST test can detect the concentration of IgE antibodies in your blood, it cannot predict how you will respond to the allergen it is associated with.

In the end, not everyone with the same concentration of antibodies will react in the same way. In some cases, a person with a relatively low concentration will have a severe reaction when confronted with an allergen.

On the flip side, someone with a high concentration may react mildly or not at all.

With that being said, people with low concentrations of allergen-specific antibodies tend to have a low chance of reacting to a possible allergen in real life, especially if a skin prick test is also negative.

Also Check: Robitussin Without Acetaminophen

What Do Ige Class Levels Mean

IgE class levels provide an indication of the severity of a suspected allergy.For a patient exhibiting symptoms of an allergic reaction, two types of blood allergy tests exist: the radioallergosorbent, or RAST, and the IgE antibody or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test, also known as ELISA. Different from allergy skin tests, these blood tests help decipher the levels of antibodies present in the blood when subjected to an allergen. Understanding levels of IgE facilitates diagnosis and treatment.

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.

What Happens During The Apt

Skin Prick Test to Test For Allergy
  • First, we will use a special tape to place a prepared panel of food extracts on your back.
  • You will be required to keep this panel dry, and in place on your back, for 48 to 72 hours.
  • We will schedule a return appointment in our clinic so your allergist can remove the panel and obtain the test results.

Recommended Reading: Can Allergy Cause Nausea

What Age Is Appropriate For Allergy Skin Testing

Per the American Academy of Pediatrics, age is not a barrier to skin testing. Even infants can benefit. As the childs immune system develops, the child should be retested to identify changes in his/her immune response. Many times foods can be reintroduced into the diet that once caused an allergic reaction. In addition to Allergy & Immunology, our allergists train in either or internal medicine, so we are very comfortable treating pediatric patients for allergies and asthma.

Dont keep suffering from allergies. Schedule an appointment today with one of our board-certified allergists.

Do Blood Test Results Show Allergy Likelihood

Q: My daughter, whos 4, was diagnosed with peanut allergy shortly before her third birthday after experiencing a rash around her mouth when she ate a peanut butter cup. Her blood test for peanut showed an antibody level of 4.85, and it was 3.82 a year later. Her allergist suggests a food challenge in a year if her blood test result drops below the 2 level.

Given that the blood test can provide a negative result when an individual has an allergy, how does a dropping number reveal that an allergy is being outgrown? Its my understanding that the blood test results do not indicate the severity of an allergy, but just the probability that the allergy exists. Its not easy to follow how the tests suggest that a child is outgrowing a peanut allergy.

Dr. Sharma: The interpretation of food-allergy blood test results is definitely not easy, and your confusion is shared by many parents, as well as many experts in the field!

This question highlights some of the limitations of our available testing. You are absolutely correct that IgE antibody levels correlate with the likelihood of having a reaction, but they do not necessarily predict how severe that reaction might be. For example, two people with the same exact peanut IgE level may have very different reactions to an exposure to peanut.

Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings.

Also Check: Zyrtec Vs Claritin D

How Many People In India Suffer From Food Allergies

In India, roughly 1-2% of the general population is reported to have some form of food allergy. However, the degree to which people experience food allergy symptoms may vary greatly. Many people suffer from something known as food hypersensitivity where even minuscule ingestion of a particular kind of food can trigger a series of immunological reactions. It could range from moderate to severe and even turn into anaphylaxis with fatal consequences.

What Can I Expect After My Allergy Skin Testing

Patent EP2577308A1

Knowing what to expect after allergy skin testing can help you get back to your everyday life as soon as possible.

How will I feel after allergy skin testing?

A positive reaction can cause irritated, itchy and red bumps, similar to mosquito bites. Reactions usually go away in minutes to a few hours. Tell your doctor if you are uncomfortable or have allergy symptoms or other new or unusual symptoms.

When can I go home?

You will likely go home right after allergy skin testing.

When should I call my doctor?

It is important to keep your follow-up appointments after allergy skin testing. Call your doctor fir questions and concerns between appointments.

Most allergy reactions occur while you are still at the doctors office for your test. Sometimes a delayed reaction can occur. Call your doctor right away if you have itching, swelling, or bumps on the skin testing area after going home. immediately for shortness of breath, mouth or , or difficulty talking or swallowing after skin allergy testing.

Don’t Miss: Can Seasonal Allergies Cause Swollen Glands

What Do The Results Of An Allergy Test Mean

Allergy test results may be:

  • Negative: You arent allergic to that substance. Its rare to get a false negative allergy test result .
  • Positive: Youre allergic to that substance. Note that even when tests correctly show that you have an allergy, it doesnt necessarily mean that youll react to that allergen. A false positive test result is possible, especially from a blood test. A false positive means the results show you have an allergy when you dont.

Food Allergy Testing In Downers Grove Naperville Elmhurst And Plainfield Il

At Oak Brook Allergists, our board-certified allergists do not leave you to figure out your food allergies and interpret the results of various tests yourself. We are with you every step of the way. Our team is experienced in diagnosing and treating food allergies in adult and pediatric patients.

To schedule an appointment with an allergist, call us today at 574-0460 or use our online request form. We look forward to helping you successfully manage your food allergies.

You May Like: Eatz Toffee Peanuts

How Does Ige Testing Compare With Skin Prick Testing

Skin prick testing is more specific than IgE testing and gives a rapid result , but it requires a trained practitioner and is not always tolerated by young children.

Specific IgE blood tests are simple and safe. They can be expensive, depending on the number of allergens tested. Caution is required when interpreting the results .

Rast Score How To Read Them

FOOD INTOLERANCE TEST FOR MY SKIN – RESULTS | Jessica Pimentel

pMy sons allergist basically tells me nothing. Which tells me its time to find a new allergist. Anyway . . . /ppMy son had the RAST test done, not the CAP RAST. Everyone seems to talk about the Cap Rast. Is it better?/ppMy sons Rast scores were:/ppPeanut 1.07 KU/Lbr /

4-being severely allergic 3-2% change of outgrowning2-75% change of outgrowing it1-80% change of outgrowing it.If your son is a 1 you are so lucky! BUT if you read my other post they also say there are negative positives! Scarey. As far as I know the CAP-RAST test is more accurate. It measures to what degree the child is allergic. So if you want to have him tested in 2 yrs, it will tell if he is outgrowing it our not. In my case my son tested 22.3 KU/L.!! So I dont need a CAP test. I know it is severe, but in you case if might be different.Good luck!

4-being severely allergic 3-2% change of outgrowning2-75% change of outgrowing it1-80% change of outgrowing it.If your son is a 1 you are so luckyI think perhaps you misunderstood the original poster her sons test score wasnt a Class 1, but a measurement of 1.07 KU/L. If I recall correctly , the original posters sons score of 1.07 KU/L would be a Class III, which is on the low end of moderate. Do you know where your allergist got those numbers about the possibility of outgrowing the allergy? I havent seen them before, and they seem so optimistic, Id love to see them from the source before I get my hopes up too much. Thanks.

Recommended Reading: Can Allergy Medicine Cause Diarrhea

How Do I Know If I Need An Allergy Test

If youre allergic to allergens in the air like dust, pollen or pet dander, you may develop allergic rhinitis. Also known as hay fever, this allergic reaction causes:

Food allergy symptoms typically occur within 30 minutes of food ingestion but may occur up to two hours after ingestion. People with food allergies may experience:

  • Skin symptoms such as hives, swelling of the face, lips or tongue, generalized itching.
  • Respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest or throat tightness.
  • GI symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and cramps, vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Cardiovascular symptoms such as pale skin, weak pulse, dizziness or lightheadedness.

People who are allergic to latex, fragrances or metals like may develop contact dermatitis. This allergic reaction affects your skin. You may have:

  • Burning sensation on skin or .
  • Skin rash or itchy skin.

A patch test, performed by a dermatologist, is used to diagnose these types of reactions.

How To Interpret Your Food Allergy Test Results

The gold standard for food allergy testing is the oral food challenge, which is a medically supervised, gradual process of introducing a food allergen to a patient in order to diagnose or rule out a food allergy.

The doctor may also use an Immunoglobulin blood test, which measures the presence of allergen-specific IgE antibodies in your blood after being exposed to a food allergen. The immune system makes antibodies to fight the food allergens that it mistakes as invaders. The blood test can test for common food allergies, as well as different mixes of allergens.

Also Check: Allergy Relief Non Drowsy

Patch Allergy Skin Test Procedure

For a patch allergy skin test, there is no need to use needles instead the allergens are done on patches, the patches are then put into contact with the skin. About 20 to 30 different allergens that can lead to the contact dermatitis condition are tested. Some of these allergens include latex, drugs, fragrances, preservatives, hair dyes, metal, and gums.

A person has to stay with the patch on their forearm or their backs for a period of 48 hours. They should avoid bathing or engage in activities that may lead to heavy sweating. The doctor removes the patch which may show some kind of an allergy.

Will I Need To Do Anything To Prepare For The Test

(PDF) How Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Rescinds Corneal ...

You may need to stop taking certain medicines before the test. These include antihistamines and . Your health care provider will let you know which medicines to avoid before your test and how long to avoid them.

If your child is being tested, the provider may apply a numbing cream to his or her skin before the test.

Also Check: Tight Chest And Wheezing At Night

What Is Allergy Testing

Healthcare providers perform allergy tests to determine whether your immune system overreacts to certain substances . If you have an allergic reaction, it means you have an .

People can be allergic to things in the environment like mold, pollen and pet dander. Some people have allergic reactions to bee stings or . People with food allergies may not be able to tolerate peanuts, or .

What Is Skin Allergy Test

Allergy skin tests are used to find out which substances cause a person to have an allergic reaction. During allergy skin tests, your skin is exposed to suspected allergy-causing substances and is then observed for signs of an allergic reaction.

Along with your medical history, allergy tests may be able to confirm whether or not a particular substance you touch, breathe or eat is causing symptoms.

Information from allergy tests may help your doctor develop an allergy treatment plan that includes allergen avoidance, medications or allergy shots .

Allergy skin tests may cause very mild discomfort when the skin is pricked. You may have symptoms such as itching, a stuffy nose, red watery eyes, or a skin rash if youre allergic to the substance in the test.

In rare cases, people can have a whole-body allergic reaction , which can be life threatening. This usually only occurs with intradermal skin testing. Your doctor will be prepared to treat this serious response.

Allergy skin tests are generally safe for adults and children of all ages, including infants. In certain circumstances, though, skin tests arent recommended. Your doctor may advise against skin testing if you:

Blood tests can be useful for those who shouldnt undergo skin tests. Blood tests arent done as often as skin tests because they can be less sensitive than skin tests and are more expensive.

Also Check: Is Claritin A Antihistamine

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular