Check If You Have Hay Fever
Symptoms of hay fever include:
- sneezing and coughing
- a runny or blocked nose
- itchy, red or watery eyes
- itchy throat, mouth, nose and ears
- loss of smell
- pain around your temples and forehead
If you have asthma, you might also:
- have a tight feeling in your chest
- be short of breath
- wheeze and cough
Hay fever will last for weeks or months, unlike a cold, which usually goes away after 1 to 2 weeks.
Making Sense Of Otc Cold Medications
Unsure about the hundreds of cold and flu preparations on the drugstore shelves? You’re not alone. Deciding among the OTC remedies for cold, flu, or allergy symptoms can be intimidating, and a basic understanding of the types of drugs included in these medications can help you make an informed choice.
Some common causes and risk factors for chronic cough include asthma, allergicrhinitis, sinus problems , esophageal reflux of stomach contents, medications such as ACE inhibitors, and whooping cough. In rare cases, chronic cough may be the result of inhaling foreign objects into the lungs . It is important to see a doctor who may order a chest X-ray if a chronic cough is present. Common causes of chronic cough include:
The following are treatments for chronic cough caused by medications, conditions, or diseases.
In severe cases of chronic cough, a healthcare professional may prescribe codeine or other similar narcotic medications, which are effective as cough suppressants.
Chronic cough in adults can sometimes be treated with home remedies. Consult your doctor for the home remedies that might be best for you, and talk to your doctor before taking any herbal supplements or natural remedies for chronic cough as some may interact with medications you take.
Medical History And Physical Exam
Your doctor will ask about your risk factors for asthma and your . They may ask also about any known allergies. This includes how often symptoms occur, what seems to trigger your symptoms, when or where symptoms occur, and if your symptoms wake you up at night.
During the physical exam, your doctor may:
- Listen to your breathing and look for of asthma
- Look for allergic skin conditions, such as eczema
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How To Prevent A Cough From Allergies With These Precautions
- Avoid getting close to sick people
- Get rid of or stay away from irritants such as scented sprays and perfumes
- Drinking plenty of water and natural juices will help you to get rid of persistent cough allergies
- Always blow your nose than a sniffle. It will help you to get rid of stuffy nose dry cough allergies
Similarities And Differences In Symptoms
- Loss of taste and loss of smell are common in COVID-19 infections, while very rare for seasonal allergies.
- Stomach symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea can come with COVID-19 but are unlikely to occur with seasonal allergies.
- Seasonal allergies do not cause fever.
- Hives may occur with allergies, but are atypical for a COVID-19 infection.
- Itchy eyes, nose, and ears are common with seasonal allergies but unlikely with a COVID-19 infection.
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Appendix 4 Setting Up A Specialist Cough Clinic Service
Why set up a cough clinic service?
A specialist cough clinic service offers a number of distinct advantages
Improved patient outcomes: treatment success is considerably higher for patients managed in a specialist cough clinic than in general respiratory clinics.
Avoidance of inappropriate prescribing: diagnostic uncertainty often leads to inappropriate use of antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids.
Training: specialist cough clinics provide an environment for training and skill development for physicians , pulmonary function technicians, and respiratory nurse specialists.
Clinical research: an improved understanding of the pathophysiology of cough and need to develop and evaluate new cough treatments requires the collaboration of clinicians, scientists, and the pharmaceutical industry. Specialist cough clinics ensure the accurate characterisation of patients with cough and provide opportunities for trusts with an interest in clinical research and pharmaceutical trial participation.
Where to set up a cough clinic service?
A specialist cough clinic should provide a combination of diagnostic testing and treatment trials. Although specialist cough clinics have generally been set up in secondary care, they could be developed within a Primary Care Trust. There are no comparisons of treatment outcome or cost to recommend one or other.
A named consultant or GP should have responsibility for the service.
Cough provocation testing.
Allergy Sore Throat Treatment
So, you have a sore throat, cough, runny nose and congestion. Have you caught a common cold or do you have allergy symptoms? Sometimes, it is even difficult for doctors to distinguish between the two, because their symptoms can be so similar. If you have persistent throat discomfort accompanied by other allergy symptoms, consider that you may have a sore throat due to allergies.
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Treatments For Dry Cough
Dry coughs that are caused by a viral infection such as a cold usually get better on their own within a week or two. Self-help measures can help make you feel better in the meantime, and cough medicines may provide some short-term relief to adults with a dry cough.
Other treatments for dry cough will depend on the cause.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressive inflammation of the lungs that makes breathing difficult. It is caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases and/or dust particles, most often cigarette smoke.
Symptoms may take years to develop. They include a chronic cough with mucus , wheezing, chest tightness, fatigue, constant colds, swollen ankles, and cyanosis Depression is often a factor due to reduced quality of life.
Treatment is important because there is a greater risk of heart disease and lung cancer in COPD patients. Though the condition cannot be cured, it can be managed to reduce risks and allow good quality of life.
COPD is commonly misdiagnosed and so careful testing is done. Diagnosis is made through patient history physical examination lung function tests blood tests and chest x-ray or CT scan.
Treatment involves quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to other lung irritants use of inhalers to ease symptoms steroids lung therapies and getting influenza and pneumonia vaccines as recommended.
Top Symptoms: fatigue, cough and dyspnea related to smoking, cough, shortness of breath, trouble sleeping
Symptoms that always occur with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : cough and dyspnea related to smoking
Symptoms that never occur with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : rectal bleeding
Urgency: Primary care doctor
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Why Does Post Nasal Drip Cause A Cough
Postnasal drip happens when your body produces too much mucus, like as a response to illness or infection, and the excess mucus drips down the back of your throat instead of being flushed out through the nose.
Postnasal drip can cause symptoms like:
- Frequent throat clearing
- A feeling of mucus draining down your throat
Postnasal drip can sometimes cause a cough because of all the mucus traveling down the throat and through the airways. Typically, treating the illness or infection that caused postnasal drip in the first place will eventually clear up any kind of cough or other symptoms happening as a result.
Postnasal drip can be caused by a multitude of illnesses and infections, but it can also be caused by things like allergies.
The main causes of postnasal drip include:
- Bacterial infections, like strep throat
- Allergies or hay fever
- Nonallergic rhinitis, which can be understood as an overly sensitive nose
- Gastroesophageal reflux
Over The Counter Medications For Seasonal Allergies
- Brand names listed as examples do not imply better quality over other brands. Generic equivalents may also exist.
- Use only as directed on the package, unless your healthcare provider instructs you to do otherwise.
- OTCs may interact with other medications or be potentially harmful if you have certain medical conditions. Talk to your pharmacist about options that are right for you.
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Management Of Acute Cough
Indications for further investigation include haemoptysis, prominent systemic illness, suspicion of inhaled foreign body, suspicion of lung cancer.
In the large majority of cases, acute cough is unlikely to need any investigation. General advice may be sufficient and a patient information sheet may be helpful.
3.3.2 Taking a history
At risk groups and danger signs
Although cough is very common and usually selflimiting, it is sometimes the first indication of a serious condition .
Table 1Common serious conditions presenting with isolated cough
For most of these patients cough is not the only symptom and the presence of a number of others should prompt a chest radiograph .). These featuresas well as a history of foreign body inhalationshould always be ruled out by direct questions.
Table 2Symptoms associated with acute cough prompting a chest radiograph
Table 3Causes of acute cough with a normal chest radiograph
|Viral respiratory tract infection|
Specialist referral for consideration of bronchoscopy is mandatory when there is a history of significant haemoptysis or possible foreign body inhalation. A change in the voice may indicate vocal cord palsy.
Acute cough with increasing breathlessnesswhile usually due to acute bronchitisshould be assessed for asthma or anaphylaxis and treated appropriately.
3.3.3 Physical examination
codeine or pholcodine.
Avoid Exposure To Allergy Triggers
Avoid exposure to substances you know you are allergic to — a strategy known as allergen avoidance. Whether you have a cough related to seasonal allergies or allergic asthma, this is an important part of managing allergy symptoms.
Stay away from cigarette and wood smoke, which irritate the airways and may trigger bouts of coughing. Also avoid exposure to strong, irritating fumes, such as those from cleaning products, fragrances or industrial chemicals.
Avoid being outdoors when pollen and mold counts are high if you have seasonal allergies. Keep allergens out of your home by keeping windows closed. Minimizing your time outdoors when the air quality is poor and during periods of high humidity or very cold weather may also help reduce allergy-related coughing.
Clean your home thoroughly to reduce allergens in the home. Dust and vacuum regularly, and wear a mask when cleaning to prevent breathing in allergens. Using an air purifier with a high-efficiency particulate air, or HEPA, filter may also trap allergens and keep the air in your home cleaner.
If you continue to experience persistent coughing, visit your doctor to determine whether your treatment plan requires revision.
If you experience trouble breathing, dizziness, lightheadedness or wheezing, seek immediate medical attention.
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Home Remedies For Children With Asthma
As a parent, you probably want to do anything and everything you can to keep your childs asthma from interfering with their life. Fortunately, there are some simple steps you can take to help your child manage their asthma symptoms.
- Your child spends around eight hours each night in bed, so asthma triggers there can really aggravate symptoms. You can use zippered dust mite covers for pillows and mattresses to help keep allergens from permeating their bedding. Additionally, washing bedding in hot water once a week can help reduce nighttime allergen exposure.
- Being mindful about outdoor time can help reduce exposure to asthma triggers, such as pollen and industrial pollution. Monitoring the Air Quality Index on can help you decide whether it is a good day for your child to play outside. Any AQI rating above 100 is likely to be unhealthy for children with asthma.
- Make sure that your childs school has an asthma action plan and that all supervisors know how to react if your child starts to show signs of an asthma attack. This includes outlining the specifics of your childs asthma treatment medicines.
Cough variant asthma is a subtype of asthma, which presents solely with a cough without any other symptoms such as dyspnea or wheezing. CVA is one of the most common causes of a chronic cough. More importantly, 30 to 40 percent of CVA cases in adult patients, unless adequately treated, may progress to classic asthma.
Understanding Post Nasal Drip Cough
Adam Partridge, PA-C on June 1, 2021
Postnasal drip is extremely annoying, and when your child is dealing with this symptom they might be feeling pretty uncomfortable and thats when it isnt accompanied by other symptoms.
When postnasal drip causes a cough, the coughing can be constant and your kiddos symptoms may leave them in a pretty dismal state of mind. Luckily, postnasal drip, and all of its accompanying symptoms, can be pretty easily treated right at home.
Home remedies and OTC medicine can make a world of difference when it comes to easing symptoms, and your doctor will be able to recommend methods of treatment if further guidance is needed.
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The Virtual Doctor Is In
If you are looking for ways to treat a cough due to COVID-19 at home using over-the-counter medications, contact your health care team at AdventHealth.
From video visits to medical record access, weve made it easy to reach out to us through our AdventHealth App. You can easily message your care team, request prescription refills, access your medical records and be seen by an online physician through a video visit all from the comfort of your own home.
The Bad News/good News About Post
Post-nasal drip is among the most common causes of persistent cough, hoarseness, sore throat and other annoying symptoms. It can be caused by a number of conditions and may linger for weeks or months. That’s the bad news. The good news is that most of the causes can be quickly identified and most will improve with treatment.
Robert H. Shmerling, MD, is associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and Clinical Chief of Rheumatology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston where he teaches in the Internal Medicine Residency Program. He is also the program director of the Rheumatology Fellowship. He has been a practicing rheumatologist for over 25 years.
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Which Types Of Doctors Treat Chronic Coughs
A primary care provider such as a family practitioner or internist may initially diagnose and treat a persistent cough. If cough is severe, a person may be seen in a hospital’s emergency department by an emergency medicine specialist.
People suffering from constant cough may be referred to different specialists depending on the underlying cause. A pulmonologist is a lung specialist who treats diseases of the airways. An allergist is an allergy specialist who may treat chronic cough due to allergies. Gastroenterologists specialize in diseases of the digestive tract and can treat chronic cough due to conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disorder . Cardiologists specialize in diseases of the heart and circulatory system and may treat persistent cough that can be a secondary symptom of heart disease.
Cough Suppressants And Expectorants
Although your local drugstore probably carries a wide variety of brands and formulations, there are really only two types of OTC cough medicine available: cough suppressants and cough expectorants.
Cough suppressants quiet your cough by blocking your cough reflex. This is helpful for dry coughs that are painful or keeping you up at night.
Expectorants are better for wet coughs. They work by thinning the mucus in your airway so you can more easily cough it up. You may already have some natural expectorants at home, too.
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Why Does My Dry Cough Make Me Vomit
Severe coughing can trigger vomiting. Vomiting in this situation is uncommon and should be evaluated by a medical professional. Chronic coughs like cough-variant asthma, gastroesophageal reflux , and post-nasal drip usually do not cause vomiting. A cough from a severe cold or a severe string of coughs from some irritant can cause vomiting.
Try Himalayan Salt Therapy
Some asthma sufferers swear by salt therapy for their symptoms. Salt caves or are two ways of experiencing salt therapy. Theres not much information about salt therapy for asthma. However, one study published in Pneumologia does say it could be beneficial . Salt therapy seems to be safe, so it may be worth a try.
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Whats The Difference Between A Dry Cough And A Wet Cough
A cough is your bodys way of clearing the lungs and airways of irritants so you can breathe better.
When you have an illness that affects your respiratory system, you may cough up mucus. This is a wet cough. Healthcare providers consider a wet cough to be productive because it clears phlegm from the lungs and airways. If too much phlegm builds up in the lungs, you may become short of breath and develop other problems.
When you have a dry cough, nothing comes up. This unproductive cough doesnt open up the lungs or air passages.
How To Stop Constant Coughing From Allergies
Indoor or outdoor, seasonal or year-round, all types of allergies can potentially cause constant coughing. Along with a runny nose, sneezing and watery and itchy eyes, allergic cough can be disruptive and annoying. Coughing associated with allergies is often caused by postnasal drip, when mucus from your nose runs down the back of the throat. Allergic asthma may also cause persistent coughing 2. With this type of asthma, symptoms are triggered by exposure to allergens, such as pollen, dust mites and mold spores.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
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