How Is An Egg Allergy Treated
The best way to treat an egg allergy is to avoid eating eggs or any food containing eggs. Parents will have to help babies and young kids avoid eggs. Some older kids won’t outgrow their egg allergy. These kids can learn to watch out for eggs and foods made with eggs.
Prevention is the name of the game with food allergies, so it’s important for kids to learn:
- how to treat a reaction if they have one
- how to read food labels to avoid eggs and egg-containing foods
Treating a Reaction
Kids who have an egg allergy should have a plan in case they accidentally eat eggs. Work with your parents, doctor, and school nurse to have a plan in place. It may involve having medicine on hand, such as an antihistamine, or in severe cases, an epinephrine auto-injector. This comes in a small easy-to-carry container. It’s simple to use. Your doctor will show your parents how to use it.
The doctor and your parents also might want you to wear a medical alert bracelet.
Signs And Symptoms Of Egg Allergy In Babies
The signs of an egg allergy in babies can be very similar to a conventional illness and may take a few minutes to an hour to show.
- Extreme abdominal pain to the point the muscles get severely cramped.
- Swollen throat muscles that constrict the airways, thus making it difficult for the baby to breathe.
Advanced Allergy & Asthma Associates
Dr. Noga Askenazi is a nationally recognized asthma and allergy specialist who is board certified in pediatric and adult allergy. Her areas of special interest are innovative treatment of rashes, sinusitis, food allergies, asthma and immune disorders. She was past President of the ISAAI , works on state and national committees for advancement of the allergy field and is a consultant for Advocate, AMITA, Northwestern amongst other health care systems. Her joy is helping patients reach their goals after together determining best treatments. Her staff and patients are a chosen family, and she invests in their happiness. She enjoys gardening, biking and cooking to good music.
Dr. Eugenia Hahn is a highly recognized board certified allergist and immunologist who treats patients of all ages. Her areas of special interest are food allergy, eczema, and asthma. She is president of the Illinois Society of Allergy & Asthma, a National Committee leader of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, a member of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology working on new treatment options for patients. She is a consultant for Advocate, Northwestern, AMITA, Northwest Community healthcare systems amongst many others. Her patients mean everything to her as she takes pride in finding the why behind the problem. She enjoys reading and spending time with her family.
Can You Outgrow A Food Allergy
As you get older, you may gradually outgrow your food allergy. The symptoms you experience when exposed to the food will decrease in the severity or completely cease to occur. There are many children who are able to outgrow certain food allergies by the time they reach adulthood.
Causes Of Egg Allergy
For all allergies, the immune system reacts to specific allergy trigger molecules . Your immune system, or that of a child in your care, produces antibodies that detect the allergen and cause inflammatory reactions and the release of a chemical called histamine. Histamine causes hives, hay fever and other allergic symptoms.The molecules that trigger your allergic reaction can be either in egg whites or egg yolks, but allergies to egg whites are more common. The specific molecule in eggs that triggers your allergy may be present in both chicken eggs and duck eggs. Some people can therefore be allergic to both chicken and duck eggs. This is known as cross-reactivity. Speak to your doctor about cross-reactivity because it is difficult to predict.
Recommended Reading: Intolerance Medical Definition
How Do You Treat An Egg Allergy
If you suspect that your child is having a mild allergic reaction to egg for the first time, such as itchiness inside the mouth, you should take them to the doctor as soon as possible. If the reaction progresses or involves more than one mild symptom, you should call 911.
At the hospital, your child will be assessed and may be treated with epinephrine, a life-saving drug that stops the reaction. They may also be treated with other medications, such as steroids and antihistamines , to ease symptoms like hives and wheezing.
Once your child has been diagnosed with an egg allergy, they will be prescribed an epinephrine auto-injector . You and anyone who takes care of your child should always have it on hand in case of accidental exposure.
If your child accidentally eats egg and has a severe reaction, Triassi Asper recommends administering epinephrine immediately. But if a child only has one symptom, such as hives, you can wait and see how the reaction progresses. However, if the reaction progresses or if a second symptom shows up, an epinephrine auto-injector needs to be administered.
If theres any doubt in your mind about treatment, you should be giving them the auto-injector, says Triassi Asper. We know that delaying treatment with epinephrine can lead to a higher incidence of death and poor outcomes. If a reaction doesnt progress beyond one symptom and your child is uncomfortable, Triassi Asper says that you can give them an antihistamine.
Unproven Methods To Test For Allergies
A number of methods claim to test for allergies, but they have not been medically or scientifically proven. They can be costly and could lead to dangerous avoidance of certain foods. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy , the organisation representing allergists in Australia, recommends that you do not use certain methods to have potential allergies tested. These methods include:
- cytotoxic food testing
- Vega testing.
Always speak with your doctor if you are thinking of using a complementary medicine or therapy to test for allergies.
Don’t Miss: Twix Ingredients Allergy
How Do You Test For Egg Allergy At Home
The Imutest Egg Allergy Test Kit is a quick and easy test done in the comfort of your own home. From one small finger prick sample of blood, you can see your test results in just 30 minutes. Simply follow the 6 easy steps to detect any raised levels of IgE allergy antibodies against the proteins found in hens eggs.
Tips On Prevention Of Egg Allergies In Babies
Egg allergy does not have a definite cure and every treatment is targeted towards the mitigation of the symptoms. Here are some tips which can help you prevent allergies among babies.
- Introduce egg early in life: Research has shown that introduction of a food item early in a babys life can reduce the chances of developing an allergy . This usually happens by the desensitization of the bodys immune system towards the food item. Over a period, the immune system can identify the proteins in the egg as harmless and thus stops attacking them with an antibody response.
- Attempts while breastfeeding: A breastfeeding mother may avoid egg to prevent an allergic reaction in her baby. However, research has shown that it is not always necessary to avoid allergic foods when breastfeeding because breast milk strengthens the immune system of the baby. This means the system becomes more competent at differentiating between proteins and pathogens . You may use this prevention measure on a trial and error basis.
- Immunotherapy: In this treatment, the baby receives some egg over a period to desensitize the immune system . The treatment begins with a small dose, followed by incremental doses at fixed time intervals. The babys condition is monitored and if he shows a complete withdrawal of the allergy symptoms, he is declared safe to consume the food.
Don’t Miss: Fast Acting Allergy Medicine Non Drowsy
Outgrowing An Egg Allergy
Like cows milk allergy, almost 80% of children seem to naturally outgrow an egg allergy. Being able to eat baked egg, and regularly eating it seems to increase the chance of outgrowing an egg allergy.
As with all allergies, kids with lower levels of IgE antibodies and fewer other allergic diseases are more likely to outgrow an egg allergy.
How Long Does It Take For Food Allergies To Go Away
They may take a few hours to a few days to disappear. If the exposure to the allergen continues, such as during a spring pollen season, allergic reactions may last for longer periods such as a few weeks to months. Even with adequate treatment, some allergic reactions may take two to four weeks to go away.
Read Also: What Does Claritin Do For Allergies
Have You Suffered An Allergic Reaction After Eating Eggs
Eggs are one of the most common types of food allergy. Even if you have been eating eggs without concern, you could experience a sudden allergic reaction requiring an egg allergy treatment. However, determining if you have an allergy can be tough, particularly if it happens without warning. Here are the details Atlanta parents should know if their child suffers a reaction after eating eggs.
When To See A Doctor
People should speak to a doctor if they suspect they have an egg intolerance.
Their doctor may recommend tests or an elimination diet to find out if eggs or other foods are causing digestive problems.
Digestive problems such as bloating, stomach cramps, or diarrhea can be a sign of other health problems. Talking to a doctor to rule out other health conditions may be helpful if these problems are ongoing.
A person should always seek emergency care for any allergic reactions, such as swelling, trouble breathing, itching, and hives, as these symptoms can quickly become severe.
You May Like: Levocetirizine Versus Cetirizine
What Age Do Egg Allergies Go Away
Can an adult egg allergy go away?
In fact, around a reported 70 percent of pediatric allergy sufferers will outgrow their egg allergies as their digestive systems mature. However, eggs are also a common source of allergies among adults. In fact, you may have developed an egg allergy in your 20s or 30s, or at an older age.
Is egg allergy permanent?
If your child has one, make sure caregivers have access to it and know how to use it. If your child is old enough, make sure he or she understands how to use it. Replace the autoinjector before its expiration date. Most children eventually outgrow egg allergy.
Will egg allergy go away?
Some babies and kids have an allergic reaction to eggs. If that happens, they can’t eat eggs for a while. But the good news is that most kids outgrow this allergy and can eat eggs with no problem after they do.
Testing For Infant Egg Allergy
The five important proteins in hens egg are labeled Gal d 1 to 5 . Egg whites contain ovomucoid , ovalbumin , ovotransferrin , and lysozyme . Chicken serum albumin , is in the egg yolk protein.
Blood, or specific IgE testing, can identify which proteins a person is allergic to. This can predict if a child can safely eat baked egg, or perhaps even cooked eggs. But only an oral food challenge can determine a true allergy.
Skin testing for egg allergy may also be important. Stomach acids break down egg proteins, so some people may react to touching an egg, but not to eating it.
Don’t Miss: Loratadine Allergies
Do I Need To Avoid All Forms Of Egg
An egg consists of different types of proteins that all have different characteristics that may be associated with varying risk of causing severe allergic reactions. While some individuals are allergic to all forms of egg , a high percentage of allergic children can tolerate extensively heated egg, e.g., in a baked product such as a muffin, as high temperatures break down the causative proteins.2 For another patient, egg should be avoided in all forms, as it could potentially cause a severe event, also called anaphylaxis.5 While some patients never outgrow their egg allergies, roughly 70 percent of children do so by the age of 16.5 Your specific risk profile depends on which proteins you are allergic to.2
Knowing the proteins, or components, within each allergen that are triggering your symptoms can help guide your management plan. With that in mind, and based on your symptom history, your healthcare provider may suggest something called a specific IgE component test, which can help reveal your potential risk profile.2
Already have your specific IgE component test results?
Your component test results will include the name of the components . Your healthcare provider will likely review the results with you, but here you’ll find an at-a-glance breakdown you can use as a reference. Simply match the component names to the list below to see what they mean in terms of symptom management.2
nGal d 1
nGal d 2
nGal d 3
- Sensitive to heat, extensively heated egg may be tolerated.
How Common Is An Egg Allergy
Egg is one of the most common food allergies in childhood, affecting about two percent of kids and typically showing up the first time they knowingly eat it. However, to become allergic to egg, a child must first be exposed to it in some way, by unknowingly eating trace amounts or coming in contact through broken skin . Its extremely rare for a breastfed baby to be exposed to enough protein in their mothers milk to have an allergic reaction.
How to prepare for an allergist appointmentFood allergies have increased in children over the past few decades, although no one knows exactly why. There are a number of theories, including the possibility that highly allergenic foods are introduced too late in life. Today, parents are urged to introduce egg and other highly allergenic foods, such as peanuts and sesame, by six months of age to help reduce the chances of developing an allergy. The best way to have an influence on preventing food allergies is early introduction, says Triassi Asper.
Also Check: Latex Allergy What To Avoid
What Is An Egg Allergy
Egg allergies among the most common IgE-mediated food allergies in children. Fortunately, the majority of children with egg allergy will outgrow it.
Children who are allergic to eggs typically display symptoms within minutes to hours of eating eggs or foods containing eggs. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include difficulty breathing, nausea, hives and more rarely, anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic response.
Treatment For Egg Allergy
The only treatment for food allergies is to avoid the food that causes your allergy. Even if you are careful, it is difficult to avoid all contact with a specific food. If you are at risk of a severe allergic reaction , ASCIA recommends that you have an ASCIA Action plan for anaphylaxis. If you are not at high risk and have not been prescribed an adrenaline autoinjector, ASCIA recommends that you have an ASCIA Action plan for allergic reactions.To assist with food avoidance, people with food allergies need to become familiar and comfortable with reading food labels. ASCIA has fact sheets to help you understand how to read food labels and what to avoid if you have an egg allergy.Some people can tolerate eggs in cooked or baked products, because the molecules in eggs change when they are cooked and are then no longer recognised by your immune system as dangerous. Your doctor can advise you about whether you can eat certain products.Inaccurate diagnosis can lead to expensive and ineffective treatments, and unnecessary food avoidance, which can lead to malnutrition and food aversion, especially in children. Always speak to your doctor about your food allergy diagnosis and treatment options.
Read Also: Pesto Allergy Symptoms
What Are The Symptoms Of An Egg Allergy
Symptoms of an egg allergy typically set in soon after exposure and can involve the skin and respiratory, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. The most common symptom of an egg allergy is hives, which is experienced by more than 80 percent of children, followed by vomiting, says Triassi Asper.
Egg can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction, but death is rare. A German survey found that seven percent of severe anaphylactic reactions among children are caused by egg.
Anaphylaxis typically comes on quickly and involves two or more body systems, including the cardiovascular or respiratory system. The most serious symptoms of anaphylaxis are difficulty breathing and a drop in blood pressure, which can cause children to lose colour, become light-headed or dizzy, feel irritable or drowsy and even pass out.
Triassi Asper advises parents to be on the lookout for all of the possible symptoms because reactions may be different each time. They can vary, depending on what the food is, how it is prepared and even the circumstances of the child, she says. If a child is sick or eats an allergenic food and then exercises, the reaction can be more severe. Its not known why illness and exercise can intensify a reaction, but it may have to do with physiological processes that modify the digestion, absorption and distribution of food.