Wednesday, May 15, 2024
HomeCauseCan Tick Bites Cause Food Allergies

Can Tick Bites Cause Food Allergies

Tick Detection And Removal Tips:

Tick bites can cause meat allergies
  • Thoroughly check yourself and yourpets as soon as you come in from the outdoors. Remember, some ticks you might be looking for are about the size of a period at the end of this sentence. While ticks may not necessarily bite the animal they are carried on, they can still get into your home and bite you.
  • If you find a tick, remove it with tweezers by grasping it on the mouth end and dont mash its guts. You may be pushing the infected materials into your body. Dont twist it, which might leave tick parts behind in the skin
  • Once you come in from outside, hit the showers. Not only will it be easier to locate any ticks this way, you can throw your close in the dryer on high heat for 10 minutes and kill any ticks trying to come in from outside with you.

Tick-related illnesses, specifically one caused by alpha-gal can be easily avoided with the implementation of a few specific guidelines and shouldnt hinder your enjoyment of All Oudoors.

Tick Bites And Mammalian Meat Allergy

Australian allergic diseases physicians were the first to describe a link between tick bites and the development of mammalian meat allergy. These findings have since been confirmed by researchers in the USA and in Europe.

Some people will also be allergic to mammalian milks and animal-derived gelatin which is present in many food products, as a binding agent in some medications and in intravenous blood substitutes known as gelatin colloid . The target allergen associated with these allergic reactions is present in the gut of ticks, and all mammalian meats .

People with allergic reactions to mammalian meats are advised to avoid all mammalian meats . Artificial blood and all forms of gelatin should also be avoided.

People with mammalian meat allergy should wear a medical bracelet warning of allergy to intravenous gelatin colloid. This is an intravenous preparation used as a blood substitute in emergency situations.

Measures to reduce the risk of tick bites

The following measures may reduce the risk of tick bites:

Allergen immunotherapy which is also known as desensitization, is currently not available to switch off tick bite allergy.

ASCIA is the peak professional body of clinical immunology/allergy specialists in Australia and New Zealand.

ASCIA resources are based on published literature and expert review, however, they are not intended to replace medical advice. The content of ASCIA resources is not influenced by any commercial organisations.

Your Allergies Could Be Triggered By Something Far Worse Than Pollen

Once doctors learned that Norman, 56, had been bitten by a tick and had eaten a steak for dinner, she was tested for antibodies to a carbohydrate molecule named alpha-gal, which has been implicated in tick-related meat allergies. She tested positive.

A tick-related meat allergy has been quietly spreading across the southern and eastern U.S. over the past two decades, but in recent years the number of cases have steadily risen. A tick bite in some people can kick off a sensitivity to red meat that can result in symptoms such as itching, hives, swollen lips and breathing problems. The reaction can sometimes be life threatening.

“We know at this point that there are over 3,500 cases,” says Dr. Scott Commins, an associate professor of medicine and pediatrics in the division of rheumatology, allergy & immunology at the Thurston Research Center at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. “I think there are many more.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention doesn’t have data on the number of people who have developed the allergy, but Commins estimates that in the areas where the lone star tick is common, 1 to 5 percent will develop it. At UNC alone, there are 350 patients with the allergy, known as alpha-gal syndrome. “I know of a practice in Kentucky that has over 100 cases and there is a group down in Georgia near Savannah that has over 50 cases,” Commins says.

Also Check: Zyrtech

The Next Morning I Made An Appointment With A Doctor To Get Checked Out

Id recently read a random article on alpha-gal syndrome , a food allergy to red meats and products made from mammals that most often begins when youre bitten by a Lone Star tick. Because these ticks have a sugar molecule called alpha-gal in their saliva, scientists believe their bite can trigger mild to severe immune system reactions in some people. Unlike other food allergies, which often pop up as soon as youre exposed to a trigger like peanuts, AGS can take three to six hours to cause a reaction .

Knowing I lived in an area where these ticks and this mysterious condition were increasingly common, I wondered if Id developed it and asked the doctor to test me for it. Like many doctors, shed never heard of AGS and initially thought I was talking about Lyme disease, another tick-borne illness.

I insisted alpha-gal syndrome was something different, and she and her assistant went to their computers and began researching it immediately. The doctor called the lab to figure out how to test for it and drew my blood.

So How Exactly Does A Lone Star Tick Cause Alpha

Tick bite can cause meat allergy

There are two ways this can happen. Either tick saliva may cause a big enough reaction that triggers the allergic response or it may happen after the tick bites another animal, like a dog or deer, says Dr. Commins.

These animals are sources of alpha-gal, and if a tick then bites you , it may prime your immune system to overreact after you eat red meat. Once the sugar makes its way through your blood, your body will pump out histamine in response, spurring an allergic reaction.

This allergic response takes a few weeks to develop. If youre someone who rarely has red meat, then you can go weeks between the tick bite and having some steak before knowing anything is really wrong, Commins says.

We can joke about the sadness of not being able to sit down to a good burger, but this allergy can be very serious. The first reaction can be anaphylactic, says Commins, which can cause a range of life-threatening symptoms, like trouble breathing or low blood pressure. We have seen patients whose first reaction lands them in the ER, he says.

As crazy as it sounds, this is far more common than you might think. One 2018 study found that in 28 of 85 cases of anaphylaxis, alpha-gal was the cause, per the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Among those analyzed in the study, alpha-gal was the top reason for having an anaphylactic reaction.

Read Also: Allergy Medicine Xyzal Reviews

What Is An Alpha

Over the last decade, there has been an increase in the diagnosis of the alpha-gal allergy, also known as a red meat allergy, although it has likely been around longer. Alpha-gal is a sugar found in red meats, including beef, pork, venison, and lamb, and for a small percentage of adults and children who have been bitten by a tick who have transferred alpha-gal to them it can develop allergic reactions after eating these meats.

Heres a video of Dr. Turbyville discussing this allergy on Kentucky Afield:

As Tick Bites Rise So Do Meat Allergies

Aug. 3, 2018 — Barbara Newman didnât think much about it when she first noticed a large tick in her hair one day after hiking in September 2012. She had several bites on her arms from tiny tick nymphs, too. But she hikes frequently and works for the Jefferson County Health Department in Alabama and knows how to remove them. So she did, and she put some cream on her arms and carried on.

Newman and her husband ate roast beef for lunch the next day, and the following night, her husband made bell peppers stuffed with ground beef for dinner. About 8 hours after that, Newmanâs scalp started to itch so badly, it woke her up in the middle of the night.

âMy head felt like it was on fire, and when I got up and looked in the mirror, my lips were so swollen. I looked like Daffy Duck,â she recalls. âI got up to take some Benadryl and figured I would go to the doctor in the morning. But it kept getting worse and worse, so I went to the ER.â

Emergency crews wasted no time when she walked in, immediately recognizing the symptoms of anaphylaxis — a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. They laid her on a gurney and gave her epinephrine as quickly as possible.

âThe whole time I remember thinking, âWhoa. How did this happen?â â Newman says.

Further testing revealed she did indeed have high levels of alpha-gal in her blood, meaning she had been bitten by a Lone Star tick, which triggered the anaphylactic reaction to meat.

Also Check: Can You Take Allergy Medicine With Antibiotics

What Are The Symptoms Of Ags

  • AGS reactions can include:

  • Dizziness or faintness
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Symptoms commonly appear 3-6 hours after eating meat or exposure to products containing alpha-gal .
  • AGS reactions can be different from person-to-person and can range from mild to severe or even life-threatening.
  • If you think you may have AGS go talk to your healthcare provider.
  • People may not have an allergic reaction after every alpha-gal exposure.
  • AGS can be severe, and even life-threatening. Seek immediate emergency care if you are having a severe allergic reaction.

    Can A Tick Bite Cause A Meat Allergy

    Tick bites resulting in food allergies

    Could tick bites and red meat allergies have a common link? Quite possibly, according to allergists at a practice in Sydney, New South Wales. They discovered that a group of patients who’d experienced a rare allergic reaction to meat also had a significant reaction to a tick bite in their medical history. The doctors believe the two allergies may share some type of unusual cross-reactivity.

    The allergists who came to this conclusion are affiliated with Royal North Shore Hospital in Sydney, which is located in an area known for a large number of several tick species. As a result, tick bites are relatively common among the local population. What’s less common, though, is having a reaction to these tick bites. However, in the case of the 25 patients who had a serious allergic response to red meat, 24 of them also reported having a significant reaction to a tick bite whose description matches that of the paralysis variety. This is the most common type of tick that exists, and its bite is also known for causing hypersensitivity in some victims.

    The red meat that sparked the subsequent allergy in the patients varied but included beef, lamb, pork, and game. Some of the patients had reactions to several of these types of meat. The symptoms they experienced included swelling of the mouth and tongue, throat closing, and shortness of breath.

    Recommended Reading: Can You Take Allergy Medicine With Antibiotics

    I Have Alpha Gal Syndrome The Meat Allergy That Can Develop After Getting A Tick Bite

    At first, I thought it was a strange coincidence that I kept getting sick after weddings.

    Early summer of 2017, I was a mother of five and wife living on a small family farm in southwest Virginia, where I worked as a wedding photographer. One evening after shooting a wedding, I had severe stomach pain and cramping, and then I started vomiting. I figured I had a bad case of food poisoning.

    As a wedding vendor, I ate whatever the guests ate, which was typically some sort of barbecue, beef, or steak. That evening, Id had a prime rib for dinner. But throughout the next several wedding weekends, I continued to experience waves of sickness. At first, I thought it was a strange coincidence that I kept getting sick after weddings.

    I didnt put much thought into it until a week or so later when my husband grilled us steak for dinner. I only ate a few bites because it just didnt seem appetizing to me. But around 1 a.m. that night, I woke up with severe stomach pains again. My hands and feet began itchingand it was the worst itchy sensation I have ever experienced. A few minutes later, my hands and feet began to swell, and I walked into the bathroom to look at myself in the mirror. My entire body was covered in huge two- to three-inch welts.

    How Bad Is It

    Alpha-gal allergy can be difficult to recognize because it can present with delayed allergic manifestations. Unlike most food allergy which typically triggers allergy symptoms immediately. Reactions typically occur 4-6 hours after eating a meal containing meat. Allergy symptoms may range from mild to severe anaphylaxis. To add to the odd presentation of this allergy, allergic reactions do not necessarily occur after every exposure to red meat.

    Recommended Reading: What Allergy Medicine Is Stronger Than Zyrtec

    Ige Antibodies To Galactose Alpha

    All reported cases of hypersensitivity reactions to cetuximab have been in adults, in keeping with the use of this monoclonal Ab to treat colon cancer and head and neck cancer . In addition, the original cases of delayed anaphylaxis to red meat were all in adults . We assumed at that time that children were not bitten by ticks as much as adults however, we already knew that IgE Ab to alpha-gal was common among children in an African village and in rural Ecuador . In addition, we have heard reports about children having multiple tick bites at camps in Tennessee. Over the last 3 years, particularly with the screening in Lynchburg, we have identified a series of children who presented with either anaphylaxis, recurrent acute episodes of urticaria, or chronic urticaria . The serology of these cases appears to be similar to that of the adults, as does the severity of the reactions: 44% had anaphylaxis at presentation and 46% sought care in an emergency department/urgent care center . At this time, however, we have no local reference base to estimate the prevalence of IgE Ab to alpha-gal in children. It would be difficult to ascertain an accurate estimate without surveying a large population of children to identify the prevalence of the IgE antibodies. For the moment, we have chosen not to carry out challenges on children because we believe that the mechanism of the delay can best be studied in adults.

    Managing A Severe Food Reaction With Epinephrine

    Alpha

    A food allergy, including a meat allergy, can cause symptoms that range from mild to life-threatening the severity of each reaction is unpredictable. People who have previously experienced only mild symptoms may suddenly experience a more severe reaction, including anaphylaxis. In the US, food allergy is the leading cause of anaphylaxis outside the hospital setting.

    Epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis, which results when exposure to an allergen triggers a flood of chemicals that can send your body potentially into shock if not treated promptly. Anaphylaxis can occur within seconds or minutes, can worsen quickly, and can be deadly.

    Once youve been diagnosed with a food allergy, your allergist will likely prescribe an epinephrine auto-injector and teach you how to use it. Check the expiration date of your auto-injector, note the expiration date on your calendar, and ask your pharmacy about reminder services for prescription renewals.

    If possible, have two epinephrine auto-injectors available, especially if you are going to be far from emergency care, as the severe reaction may reoccur. Epinephrine should be used immediately if you experience severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, repetitive coughing, generalized hives, tightness in your throat, trouble breathing or swallowing, or a combination of symptoms from different body areas such as hives, rashes, or swelling on the skin coupled with vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain.

    You May Like: Fast Acting Allergy Medicine Non Drowsy

    How Is Tick Bite

    Patients often self-diagnose alpha-gal allergy by using online sources of information, oral food challenges, and logical reasoning .

    The most accurate method of diagnosing tick bite-induced allergy is by testing for IgE titres against the alpha-gal molecule. However, the high cost and lack of availability of this test limit its use .

    IgE-associated food allergies are usually tested for by skin prick testing. The protocol and accuracy of the skin prick test for alpha-gal allergy are debated, as delayed reactions and false-negative results are reported .

    Confirming A Diagnosis Of Tick Allergy

    At this time, there is no reliable skin test or blood test for allergen specific Immunoglobulin E antibodies to confirm a diagnosis of tick allergy. Australian researchers have identified that the allergens that cause problems are proteins in tick saliva. Diagnosis is currently based on the history of the reaction.

    Researchers have identified that the following blood allergy tests are positive in the majority of people with serious allergic reactions to tick bites. The following blood tests for allergen specific IgE may assist in confirming a diagnosis:

    • Mammalian meats Immunocap.
    • Alpha-galactose Immunocap. Alpha-galactose is a sugar molecule present in meat from mammals other than humans, great apes and Old World monkeys. It is also found in the gut of ticks.
    • Blood tests for mast cell Tryptase may also be useful. Tryptase is an enzyme that is increased in people with a condition called mastocytosis. It is associated with a higher risk of allergic reactions to many allergic triggers including insect stings and tick bites. People with higher tryptase levels may have more severe anaphylactic reactions to insect stings and bites.

    Also Check: Penicillin Headache

    Tick Bites Can Cause Surge In Dangerous Allergies To Red Meat Dairy

    Burgers, Bacon, Ice cream and cheese: All foods Doreen Svardal has stripped from her diet and can never eat again.

    “I miss a cheeseburger,” Svardal said.

    She recently found out she’s allergic to all mammal meat like pork, beef and lamb as well as dairy. It’s something she discovered last spring when she had a severe reaction that caused her to be in extreme pain for several days.

    “I had a steak at 5 p.m. and at 2 a.m. I started aching and it feels like there are needles being shoved into my joints.”

    Doctors say it’s something called Alpha gal Syndrome. It develops after a bite from a Lone Star tick, the same kind of tick that Svardal found crawling on her after she mowed her yard.

    “I took it off and threw it in the toilet and flushed and that was the end of it, I thought, but it impacted my life since then.”

    Dr. Silvia Huebner, an allergist at Mercy Hospital Springfield, diagnosed Svardal after several months of trying to figure out what was wrong before determining it was caused from a tick bite.

    “So what happens: the intestines, the gut of the tick, contains a certain substance that is not present in our body and, when we get exposed to the tick bite, we can develop an allergy to that substance and its called Alpha Gal.”

    The tick picks up the Alpha Gal carbohydrate when it bites a deer. It’s also found in certain kinds of meat and dairy products.

    Huebner says people’s reaction to this red meat allergy is unlike any other.

    Most Read

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Most Popular