Celiac Disease Vs Ncgs
About 1 in 100 people worldwide has celiac disease. The only treatment is a gluten-free diet. When someone with celiac disease eats even tiny amounts of gluten, their immune system attacks the the lining of the small intestine. This can lead to malnutrition.
No one knows how common NCGS is, Seidner says, but it could affect as many as 6 out of every 100 people. NCGS is a separate condition from celiac disease, and itâs not known if people with the former will ever go on to develop the latter, he says. Despite the conditionâs name, âgluten may not be the only dietary compound in wheatâ that leads to NCGS, Seidner says.
Both conditions have intestinal symptoms, such as bloating and pain, and symptoms outside the digestive tract, such as fatigue. A small percentage of people with irritable bowel syndrome have either celiac disease or NCGS as well, Seidner says.
Celiac disease runs in families, while NCGS doesnât appear to, he says.
Celiac Disease Can Cause Permenant Damage If It Isnt Treated Properly
Many people go off gluten and arent checked for celiac disease. The thought that you might have it may never cross your mind. But its not uncommon for people with celiac disease to puzzle the doctors who see them when their symptoms first show up.
In his mid-40s, Dr. Chad Shaffer was putting in 100-hour weeks as a chief medical officer and professor of medicine in Kansas City. Then suddenly, over a three-month period, he began losing weight and control of his muscles. He went from crutches to a wheelchair. After he developed a heart arrhythmia, he had an episode of cardiac arrest.
We thought I had a terminal illness, Shaffer said. Celiac was just one of many blood tests. It turned up positive. After an examination of his gut showed significant damage, he went off gluten.
But he didnt get entirely better and was forced to retire.
Celiac is a serious illness that needs to be monitored over time. Youll need to be 100 percent gluten-free for the rest of your life. Although your intestinal walls should heal once you stop eating gluten, youll need an endoscopy to check.
If it hasnt healed, youre at a higher risk of developing several forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and small bowel cancer.
In a 2018 study , researchers concluded that people with undiagnosed celiac disease were more likely to develop osteoporosis, chronic fatigue, and thyroid problems.
When Is Gluten Bad For You
Suppose you have celiacs disease, irritable bowel syndrome, wheat allergy, or other disorders that make your body react negatively to gluten. In that case, you have no choice but to eliminate grains from your diet. Those with these chronic conditions will experience inflammation, bloating, bowel problems, and the like when they eat anything with gluten. Avoid this trigger at all costs.
However, most normal people who dont have a gluten intolerance can eat grains without any adverse reactions. That being said, excessive consumption of gluten, especially refined grains, can result in weight gain. This is because refined grains and processed foods contain a lot of carbohydrates that your body can easily digest and absorb.
As a result, you feel hungry again faster, and consume excessive calories. This can also result in blood sugar spikes that make you feel lethargic or cause you to crave unhealthy food. For this reason, excessive gluten intake is associated with obesity, diabetes, and other metabolic diseases.
If you dont have any form of gluten intolerance, whole grains can be part of your diet. They are highly nutritious, promoting good cardiovascular health and helping prevent the onset of other diseases. Simply make it a point to choose the best whole grains and do away with the refined versions.
Read Also: Allegra Vs Zyrtec For Allergies
How To Healthily Incorporate Gluten In Your Diet
Adding whole grains to your meals is a smart choice if you have no gluten sensitivity. This protein provides tons of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. But, more importantly, it contains tons of dietary fiber, which reduces your risk of heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, and even constipation.
Hence, it would help to modify your menu and recipes to incorporate more whole grains into your meals. For example, you can partner up whole grains with veggies like brown rice with stir-fries or whole-wheat pita bread with hummus and greens. You may also fortify your recipes with high-fiber ingredients like adding more bran or oatmeal to your meatloaf or tossing cooked quinoa to make a warm salad.
Remember, gluten-rich items are not created equal. The key is choosing whole grains instead of refined grains. To illustrate, choose whole-wheat flour instead of refined white flour. Then, follow these simple tips to help you choose healthier whole grains.
What Causes Gluten Intolerance
The exact causes of gluten intolerance arent well understood. Some research shows that people may not be sensitive to gluten, but to a certain carbohydrate found in many foods. Their bodies dont absorb the carbohydrate as they should. It stays in their guts and ferments, causing sickness.
Other research suggests that wheat might affect the lining of some peoples digestive tracts. This lining usually keeps bacteria from leaking out of your intestines. But in people with a gluten intolerance, the lining may not work as it should, allowing bacteria into their blood or liver and causing inflammation.
Read Also: Latex Allergy Rash Picture
Yes There Are Risks To Going Gluten
Katherine Tallmadge is a registered dietitian president of Personalized Nutrition noted motivational and wellness speaker author of “Diet Simple: 195 Mental Tricks, Substitutions, Habits & Inspirations” and a regular contributor to Live Science. This article is an exclusive for Live Science’s Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.
A whopping 21 percent of Americans are currently making an active attempt to eat gluten-free, according to a Gallup poll published July 23. That percentage dwarfs the 1 percent of the U.S. population diagnosed with celiac disease the only medical condition that requires gluten-free products for someone with the disease to live a healthy life.
More and more Americans are on the anti-wheat warpath trend, as the label “gluten free” appears on everything from craft beer to cat food. For those with celiac disease, a life-threatening autoimmune disorder that destroys the gastrointestinal tract, going gluten-free is critical to avoid damage to the small intestine. For everyone else, though, it is an unnecessary, and potentially unhealthy, diet.
The gluten-free industry
Such facts haven’t stopped the food industry from taking advantage of the trend, and gluten-free products have grown to represent a $9 billion market in 2014, according to the Burdock Group, which specializes in food market research, among other issues.
The good in grains
Where Do I Start
This was my biggest question and the one that caused me the most angst. Once I got started though, it became easier and almost second nature to cook within the parameters of these new food omissions. So, for starters, lets focus on gluten first. Over the next few months, I plan to post more on food allergies and intolerances, specifically gluten and dairy, so please stay tuned.
Read Also: Benadryl Pills For Itching
Celiac Community Welcomes Ncgs Diagnosis Mostly
For such a small group, an awful lot of ink has been spilled over those with NCGS.
The criteria for NCGS that doctors have developed disguise the fact in an elaborate flowchart, but currently its a patient diagnosis, said Dr. Peter Green, director of the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University.
Celiac support groups seem to share the view of gluten sensitivity as a real but inflated diagnosis.
There were always people who just did better removing gluten from their diet, but we didnt know why, said Mary Schluckebier, Executive Director of the Celiac Support Association, a national group based in Nebraska. Its probably a family of diseases, and we dont have good names for any of it yet.
But Schluckebier also described something else that may be driving the rise of NCGS.
A patient goes to the doctor, and they want a diagnosis. Dont tell me I dont have this give me a name for it, she said. So doctors came up for a name for it. I think it was a way to appease impatient patients. I dont know how to say that nicely.
Alice Bast, the president and chief executive officer of Beyond Celiac, formerly the National Foundation for Celiac Awareness, based in Ambler, Pennsylvania, found emotions are a common cause with people who have NCGS.
They want research, they want to know whats happening to their bodies. You want to feel better. You want to live life to the fullest. You dont want to live life in fear of food, Bast said.
Symptoms Of Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is the most severe form of gluten intolerance.
It is an autoimmune disease that affects about 1% of the population and may lead to damage in the digestive system .
It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including skin problems, gastrointestinal issues, mood changes, and more.
Here are a few of the most common symptoms of celiac disease.
Also Check: Nasal Spray Allergy Medicine
Celiac Disease And Gluten Intolerance
Women with celiac disease or gluten intolerance cannot tolerate gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the digestive system. It affects 3 million Americans. More than half of people with celiac disease are women.1 People with gluten intolerance get a reaction in their body’s immune system that is less serious than celiac disease.
Should Other People Eliminate Gluten From Their Diet Too
Theres a certain subset of the population who have eliminated gluten from their diets, not because of a specific symptom but because they label gluten as bad for you. The upside in this trend is that food brands and restaurants have listened and are now offering more gluten-free options. The downside is that the lay public may not take someones need to avoid gluten seriously, says Bertiger.
Restaurants may not be scrupulous with cross-contamination, for instance, because people who go gluten-free without celiac or NCGS wont be bothered by a little gluten here or there especially if they cant see it. Celiac patients can never eat gluten. When they do, it causes an inflammatory reaction that takes days or weeks to go away, he says. For celiac patients, their health depends on going gluten-free, but there isnt evidence that this is necessary for the general population.
It may even be harmful. A 2017 study looked at more than 100,000 men and women age 26 and older and found that eating gluten didnt increase the risk of heart disease. But the researchers point out that gluten-free eaters may consciously avoid whole grains, which are associated with heart health. The promotion of gluten-free diets among people without celiac disease should not be encouraged, the authors write.
Don’t Miss: Allergy Medicine That Is Non Drowsy
Relying Too Much On Gluten
Sometimes when people go gluten-free they can heavily rely on pre-packaged foods that have gluten-free on the label, but arent necessarily healthy foods. They often contain lots of starch and other foods that can negatively impact your blood sugar and arent as beneficial for gut health as vegetables for example. Instead of turning to these heavily-processed foods, try eating more whole foods that are naturally gluten-free like fruits, vegetables, quinoa, rice, and proteins like fish, poultry, egg, grass-fed beef, etc.
Gluten Intolerance And Celiac Disease Are Different
There are two different types of gluten intolerance: Celiac disease and non-celiac gluten intolerance.
Celiac disease is a genetic, autoimmune disorder that affects about 1 in 100 people worldwide. People with celiac disease are genetically predisposed to gluten intolerance, and even ingesting a very small amount can lead to severe damage of the small intestine.
The disease can develop at any age and, if left untreated, can lead to serious health problems.Most concerning? Many people who have celiac disease dont realize it. In fact, the Celiac Disease Foundation reports that an estimated 2.5 million Americans are undiagnosed, and therefore at risk for major long-term health complications.
But you dont have to have celiac disease to have a gluten intolerance. Non-celiac gluten intolerance can be tough to diagnose because its not an autoimmune disease or a food allergy . Non-celiac gluten intolerance means that your bodys digestive system cant tolerate any form of the protein gluten. If consumed, your body fights against it with inflammation, causing digestive issues like fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea and gassiness. Its estimated that 15 percent of the U.S. population has some sort of non-celiac gluten intolerance.
Also Check: Robitussin Cold And Allergy
Gluten And Health Disorders
Gluten sensitivity will appear in very different ways. Most of the cases involve several symptoms like indigestion, headaches, lack of concentration and even overweight. Gluten intolerance is not a pathology that physicians take into account when it comes to making regular diagnoses.
Many people experience gluten sensitivity on a daily basis without being aware.
Gluten Intolerance Vs Wheat Allergy
When a person has a wheat allergy, their body reacts to a protein in wheat, and this protein is not necessarily gluten.
A wheat allergy can cause life-threatening symptoms. Anyone with this allergy who ingests wheat requires immediate medical attention.
A person with a wheat allergy may develop:
- breathing difficulties, including wheezing
While an allergic reaction requires urgent care, an intolerance is not immediately dangerous. However, it can cause discomfort and may affect a persons overall health.
Anyone who believes that they may have either an intolerance or an allergy should consult a doctor.
Learn more about a wheat allergy here.
- some oat products
A person looking to avoid gluten should be sure to check food labels carefully. It may also be a good idea to make soups, sauces, and salad dressings at home.
Products with gluten-free on their labels do not contain enough gluten to trigger symptoms of celiac disease or gluten intolerance. Manufacturers may remove the gluten from wheat flour or use a substitute, such as oat or chickpea flour.
Here, learn more about what a gluten free diet includes.
Find out more about alternatives to wheat bread in this article.
Read Also: Nasal Antihistamine Spray Otc
What Is A Wheat Allergy
Gluten is just one of the hundreds of proteins found in wheat. A wheat allergy is an immune reaction to any of those proteins. When someone who has a wheat allergy consumes wheat, a certain group of white blood cells called B-cells begins to produce immunoglobulin E antibodies which attack the wheat molecules as if they were foreign invaders. While this is happening, other tissues in the body send out chemical messengers that alert the rest of the body to the presence of a threat. The speed with which this reaction occurs can range from a few minutes to a few hours after consumption and may be accompanied by a variety of symptoms including nausea, itching, abdominal pain, swollen lips or tongue, difficulty breathing, and anaphylaxis.
A person who is allergic to wheat must avoid all forms of wheat this is the only known treatment available for wheat allergies at this time. They may, however, be able to consume gluten from non-wheat sources such as barley or rye. It is entirely possible for someone to have a wheat allergy as well as celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, so additional testing may be warranted if youve been diagnosed with a wheat allergy. Wheat is one of the 8 most common food allergies in the United States and, while children can sometimes grow out of it, wheat allergies that develop in adulthood are typically permanent.
The Truth About Gluten Intolerance
Gluten is the glue that holds it all together, and its a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Meaning its found in foods you probably eat every day – bread, pasta, crackers, cereals, salad dressings and more.
So what happens when your body has an intolerance or sensitivity to gluten? The results can be unpleasant, painful and downright dangerous to your long-term health. Heres what you should know about gluten intolerance.
Don’t Miss: Cetirizine Hcl 10 Mg Vs.loratadine
What If You Havent Been Diagnosed With Celiac Disease
If you think you might have celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, its best to see your healthcare provider before you go gluten free. Once a person has avoided gluten for a while, it becomes more difficult to establish if he or she has celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, or neither.
If you dont have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, eliminating gluten from your diet can cause nutritional deficiencies. Fortified breads and cereals have become a major source of B vitamins in the United States. Although breads made with white rice, tapioca, and other gluten-free flours are becoming more common, theyre generally not fortified with vitamins.
In addition to nutrient deficiencies, gluten-free products tend to be more expensive than traditional products, so you could be needlessly wasting money on foods you dont need in order to eat a healthy, balanced diet.
Getting A Proper Diagnosis Is Key
Getting a proper diagnosis is the first step toward feeling better and living a healthy life. Diagnosing celiac disease is pretty straight forward. A gastroenterologist will be able to make a diagnosis based on blood tests and a biopsy of the small intestine.
Diagnosing non-celiac gluten intolerance is a little trickier. Your physician will test you for celiac disease, wheat allergy and other things that might be associated with your particular symptoms. If you test negatively for those things, youll start a gluten-free diet. If going gluten-free for a while improves your symptoms, youll probably be diagnosed with non-celiac gluten intolerance.
If you think you might have a gluten intolerance, its important to keep gluten in your diet until you visit your physician. This is the only way the to test properly.
Recommended Reading: Antihistamine Reviews