Can Hay Fever Cause Nosebleeds
Hay fever sufferers are battling high pollen levels at the moment
s the UK becomes hotter in the coming months, the pollen count will rise, and people with hay fever will suffer more outside.
On days with warm, humid and windy weather, especially between March and September, pollen levels are usually high.
As the amount of grass pollen in the air rises this month, those who suffer from hay fever might struggle on some days.
Sometimes people with extreme hay fever report more common nosebleeds – but are they connected?
What Are The Treatments For Nosebleeds
Treatments depend on the cause and could include:
- Nasal packing. Gauze, special nasal sponges or foam or an inflatable latex balloon is inserted into your nose to create pressure at the site of the bleed. The material is often left in place for 24 to 48 hours before being removed by a healthcare professional.
- Cauterization. This procedure involves applying a chemical substance or heat energy to seal the bleeding blood vessel. A local anesthetic is sprayed in the nostril first to numb the inside of your nose.
- Medication adjustments/new prescriptions. Reducing or stopping the amount of blood thinning medications can be helpful. In addition, medications for controlling blood pressure may be necessary. Tranexamic , a medication to help blood clot, may be prescribed.
- Foreign body removal if this is the cause of the nose bleed.
- Surgical repair of a broken nose or correction of a deviated septum if this is the cause of the nosebleed.
- Ligation. In this procedure, the culprit blood vessel is tied off to stop the bleeding.
Can Allergies Turn Into A Sinus Infection
Allergies and sinus infections can have similar symptoms, but there are a few key differences. One of the most notable is how itchy your eyes or skin becomes with allergies versus thick yellow/green nasal discharge that occurs during an infection like snotty-nose . And while both conditions may result in sneezing fits due to irritation from allergens entering our system via inhalation only some people who suffer through these sorts actually catch more than others doespecially children under five years old!
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How Do I Know If A Nosebleed Is A Sign Of Something Serious
Any type of bleeding can seem scary. And in those moments, it can be hard to know if your nosebleed will need medical attention. In most cases, the bleeding will stop eventually and not lead to any problems.
But there are instances when you should consider heading to the nearest emergency room for treatment. Emergency providers have a number of tools and medicines that can effectively stop the bleeding.
You should seek urgent medical attention if:
Your nose is still bleeding despite holding pressure for over 10 minutes.
You are feeling lightheaded or feel like youre going to faint particularly if the feeling started after losing a significant amount of blood.
You are swallowing a lot of blood, or throwing up blood. Often, this means that you have bleeding in the back part of your nose. These nosebleeds are harder to reach by applying pressure at home. They also tend to bleed more heavily.
You are bleeding or bruising in other parts of your body. This could mean you are not clotting properly, and it could be a sign of a blood condition.
You may have a foreign body in your nose, especially if it is a watch battery or a button battery, which can cause further damage to the inside of the nose.
You had trauma to your face. A nosebleed in this instance could be a sign of other injuries.
You are on anticoagulants. These nosebleeds tend to be harder to stop. It may also be a good idea to have blood tests to make sure your blood isnt too thin.
Picking Or Blowing Too Much
Children often pick their noses during their younger years. However, those who blow their nose often can also cause issues. When you blow or pick too much, you cause the blood vessels inside the nose to burst, and it causes it to bleed.
If you have a cold or sinus issue, try not to blow or pick too much at the area as you can cause further damage.
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Things That Cause Frequent Nosebleeds And How To Stop Them
Nosebleeds: Terrifying the first time you get one, and equally as concerning when you get them frequently.
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“The nose is very rich in blood supply,” Jose Ruiz, MD, an otolaryngologist with the University of Miami Health System, tells LIVESTRONG.com.
That makes it sensitive to a whole host of things, including trauma but also less obvious things like dry air. In other words, there are many causes of nosebleeds, including the relatively benign and the more worrisome.
Here’s what might be causing your bloody nose, and what you can do about it.
Diagnosis Of Nose Bleed In Horses
A trickle of blood may not mean much, but any volume of blood pouring from the nostrils should be given immediate attention by your veterinarian. Your horse is a large animal with a large volume of blood coursing through their system. Therefore, a nose bleed can display frightening amounts of blood. Keep your horse calm and apply an ice pack or wet cold towel to the area just below your horses eyes. This will cool the area where the blood may be coming from and slow the flow. If the bleeding doesnt stop within five or ten minutes, or is flowing heavily, then it is advisable to call the veterinary specialist.
A skull radiography can show where the problem is originating from and blood tests will help diagnose the condition. Never pack your horses nostrils to stop the flow of blood, your horse may panic as they breathe through their noses and it can suffocate your horse.
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What To Expect At Your Office Visit
The provider will perform a physical exam. In some cases, you may be watched for signs and symptoms of low blood pressure from losing blood, also called hypovolemic shock .
You may have the following tests:
- CT scan of the nose and sinuses or entire facial structures
- Nasal endoscopy
- Reducing a broken nose or removing a foreign body
- Reducing the amount of blood thinner medicine or stopping aspirin
- Treating problems that keeps your blood from clotting normally
You may need to see an ear, nose, and throat specialist for further tests and treatment.
Things That Cause A Nosebleed
Nosebleeds are a common problem that plagues the masses. Its expected to have these occurrences if youve been hit in the nose or have head trauma. But did you know that there are other reasons why you can experience nosebleeds?
Your nose is a delicate structure filled with tiny blood vessels that are prone to bursting upon impact. However, some bizarre reasons why your nose might bleed have nothing to do with being hit in this area, and they may need to be further evaluated.
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How Do I Stop A Nosebleed
The best way to stop a nosebleed is to simply pinch the softest portion of your nose with your finger and thumb. Breathe through your mouth and hold your nose for about ten minutes. Keep holding for the full ten minutes, even if the nosebleed has stopped sooner. Contrary to popular belief, you shouldn’t lie down, blow your nose, or tilt your head back.
What Causes Nosebleeds In Conjunction With Allergies
Your nose contains multiple tiny blood vessels and your nasal passages are lined with what’s called a nasal membrane. These blood vessels and nasal membranes can be easily damaged which is what will cause a nosebleed. When you have allergies, the allergens tend to dry out your nasal membrane, which can cause irritation and ultimately nosebleeds.
Nosebleeds can also be caused by the following:
- Trauma or impact damage to your nose
- Chemical irritants
- Overuse of medication such as nasal sprays
- An object lodged in your nasal passages
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Symptoms Of A Nosebleed In Dogs
While the presence of blood around your dogs nasal cavity is the most obvious symptom of a nosebleed, there are some other signs to be aware of as well.
Sometimes we catch our dogs after their nosebleed has occurred, making it important to be aware of the other potential clues.
Some of the most common signs of a nosebleed in dogs include:
- Drips or continuous flow of blood coming from your dogs nasal cavity or nostrils
- Dry or crusted blood around your dogs nostrils
- Swelling around your dogs nose
- Pawing at the face or nose
- Vomit that is often dark in color or bloody
- Noticeable trauma around the nose
- Drops of blood found around your home
If you notice any of the above symptoms in your canine companion, we suggest reaching out to your vet for further advice.
This is especially true if the nosebleed does not resolve within 10-15 minutes of applying first aid, as this can be a sign of an underlying medical cause.
First Aid Management For Nosebleeds
To manage a nosebleed include:
- Reassure the person, especially children, as crying increases blood flow.
- Sit the person up straight and drop their head slightly forward.
- Apply finger and thumb pressure on the soft part of nostrils below the bridge of the nose for at least 10 minutes.
- Encourage the person to breathe through their mouth while their nostrils are pinched.
- Loosen tight clothing around the neck.
- Place a cold cloth or cold pack over the persons forehead and one around the neck, especially around the sides of the neck.
- After 10 minutes, release the pressure on the nostrils and check to see if the bleeding has stopped.
- If bleeding persist, seek medical aid.
- Tell the person not to sniff or blow their nose for at least 15 minutes and not to pick their nose for the rest of the day.
You should go to the doctor or a hospital emergency department if the bleeding does not stop after simple first aid management. It is important to find and treat the cause of ongoing bleeding.
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When Should A Doctor Be Consulted
If frequent nosebleeds are a problem, it is important to consult an otolaryngologist. An ear, nose, and throat specialist will carefully examine the nose using an endoscope, a tube with a light for seeing inside the nose, prior to making a treatment recommendation. Two of the most common treatments are cautery and packing the nose. Cautery is a technique in which the blood vessel is burned with an electric current, silver nitrate, or a laser. Sometimes, a doctor may just pack the nose with a special gauze or an inflatable latex balloon to put pressure on the blood vessel.
Can Nosebleeds Be Prevented Or Avoided
Tips for preventing nosebleeds:
- Keep childrens fingernails short to limit nose injury and to discourage nose picking.
- Counteract the drying effects of indoor heated air by using a humidifier at night in your bedroom.
- Quit smoking. Smoking dries out your nose and also irritates it.
- Open your mouth when you sneeze.
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How To Prevent Nosebleeds
You canât always prevent nosebleeds from happening, but there are certain things you can do to help lower your chances of getting them:
- Keep the inside of your nose moist. Dryness can cause nosebleeds. Use a cotton swab to gently smear a thin layer petroleum jelly in your nostrils three times a day, including before you go to sleep. You can also use an antibiotic ointment like Bacitracin or Polysporin.
- Use a saline nasal product. Spraying it in your nostrils helps keep the inside of your nose moist.
- Use a humidifier. Your nostrils might be dry because the air in your house is dry.
- Donât smoke.Smoking can irritate the inside of your nose and dry it out.
- Donât pick your nose. Also, donât blow or rub it too hard. If your child is getting nosebleeds, keep their fingernails short and discourage them from picking their nose.
- Donât use cold and allergymedications too often. These can dry out your nose. In some cases, certain medications can cause nosebleeds or make them worse. You may need to discuss your medications with your doctor. But keep taking them unless your doctor tells you to stop.
How To Prevent Nosebleeds Caused By Allergies
To prevent nosebleeds caused by allergies, start by identifying any symptoms that could lead to a nosebleed. For instance, if your nose is dry due to low humidity, put a humidifier in the room to add moisture to the air.
If you use a nasal spray, make sure to use it correctly. You should spray away from the middle of the nose, with the spray angled up and pointing toward the ear on the same side of the head as the nostril you’re spraying into.
Limiting how much you blow or pick your nose can also reduce the risk of damaging delicate blood vessels that could lead to a nosebleed.
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Nose Bleeds: How To Avoid Them And How To Stop Them When They Occur
Stuart N. Thomas, MD Central Park Ear, Nose and Throat, LLC
a. AnteriorModern Medicine divides the lining of the nose into a front portion, or anterior aspect, and a rear portion, or posterior aspect. Most nosebleeds occur in the rich vascular plexus that underlies the thin, delicate mucus membrane along the front of the nasal septum . These are typically easier to treat and prevent.
b. PosteriorIn older patients and those with significant hypertension , the source of bleeding is frequently in the posterior aspect of the nose and along the much more complex, lateral nasal wall. These bleeds tend to be MUCH more difficult to locate and control. Surgical intervention in these cases is not uncommon.
a. TraumaThe thin mucus membrane of the lining of the nose is perfectly designed to handle the flow of air across it. It is not designed for frequent abrasion from fingers, tissues, or other foreign bodies. Activities like frequent nose-blowing, picking, rubbing the outer aspect of the nose, or swabbing the nose out to clean it, damage this delicate membrane and will secondarily lead to damage to the rich plexus of blood vessels beneath it. It is actually possible to pick a hole in the septum or even sidewall of the nose from frequent, repetitive trauma.
c. InfectionChronic staphylococcal infections of the front portion of the nose seem to create nose bleeds in some cases. Much less commonly, chronic sinusitis can cause nosebleeds as well.
a. Home therapy
Are There Different Kinds Of Nosebleeds
Yes. Nosebleeds are described by the site of the bleed. There are two main types and one is more serious than the other.
An anterior nosebleed starts in the front of the nose on the lower part of the wall that separates the two sides of the nose . Capillaries and small blood vessels in this front area of the nose are fragile and can easily break and bleed. This is the most common type of nosebleed and is usually not serious. These nosebleeds are more common in children and are usually able to be treated at home.
A posterior nosebleed occurs deep inside the nose. This nosebleed is caused by a bleed in larger blood vessels in the back part of the nose near the throat. This can be a more serious nosebleed than an anterior nosebleed. It can result in heavy bleeding, which may flow down the back of the throat. You may need medical attention right away for this type of nosebleed. This type of nosebleed is more common in adults.
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Need Help For Chronic Nosebleeds See Our Ear Nose And Throat Doctors In Raleigh
Most nosebleeds are nothing more than a nuisance. However, we can treat the underlying problemssuch as allergiesthat are behind these annoying incidents.
In certain cases, nosebleeds can be caused by structural problems within the nose itself. If thats the case, our nationally recognized surgeons will work with you to solve the issue.
For decades, Raleigh Capitol Ear Nose and Throat has been the premiere provider of choice for the region. See for yourself how our dedication and compassion makes a difference. Wed love the opportunity to be partners in your care.
What Is Epistaxis In Dogs
Epistaxis is a term used to describe bleeding from the nasal cavity or nostrils in our canine friends.
More commonly referred to as a nosebleed, epistaxis is often a sudden occurrence in an otherwise healthy pup.
Not only can a nosebleed catch a pet owner off guard, but your pup may paw at their nose in confusion as well.
Nosebleeds are not a normal occurrence in our pups, and should always warrant attention on our part.
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Can Nosebleeds Be Prevented
If your nosebleeds persist and become a problem, you may need treatment, such as surgery to cauterise the blood vessels in the nose. Talk to your doctor about your options.
After you have had a nosebleed, try not to pick your nose. Instead, blow it gently. Prevent the inside of your nose from drying out by using a humidifier or putting a small amount of lubricant cream like Vaseline or paw paw ointment inside your nose.
Drinking plenty of fluids and eating fibre will prevent constipation, so you wont strain on the toiled which may start another nosebleed.
Is There Treatment Available
There is no current cure for hay fever, and no way of preventing it.
However, pharmacists can suggest treatments, such as antihistamine drops, tablets or nasal sprays to help with itchy, watery eyes, sneezing, and a blocked nose.
There are also ways to ease symptoms when pollen count is higher than normal.
It is recommended that hay fever sufferers put Vaseline around their nostrils to trap pollen, or wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting into their eyes.
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