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Can A 1 Year Old Have Allergies

What Else Can I Do To Help Control My Child’s Eczema

My 10 month old has watery eyes and a runny nose. Is it allergies? What can I do?
  • Keep your child’s finger nails short and clean. This can help prevent an infection if skin gets scratched
  • Use unscented laundry products and avoid dryer sheets.
  • Wash new clothes and remove tags before your child wears them.
  • Dress your child in loose rather than tight clothes.
  • If your child’s eczema is hard to keep well controlled, get help from health care providers who have expertise in eczema care.

What Causes A Person To Develop Allergies

Allergies can come in many shapes and sizes. While some people can enjoy beautiful weather, others avoid going outdoors at all costs. The same situation may occur for people watching others enjoy an endless variety of foods while they must be very selective. Those people who suffer from the incessant symptoms of food or environmental allergies may wonder, why?

Have you ever wondered what causes your stuffy nose and sneezing? Its not just a string of bad luck whether your allergy symptoms occur in direct result to the local pollen count, different types of food or your neighbors cat, there are certain responses from our immune system that lead to our level of reaction.

In this article, well explain exactly what causes a person to develop allergies, when this can happen, and whether allergic symptoms are worse in adulthood or childhood.

Dining Out With Food Allergies

If your child has one or more food allergies, dining out can be achallenge. However, it is possible to have a healthy and satisfyingdining-out experience it just takes some preparation and persistence onyour part.

The American Dietetics Association offers these tips for dealing with foodallergies when your family is eating away from home:

  • Know what ingredients are in the foods at the restaurant where you plan to eat. When possible, obtain a menu from the restaurant ahead of time and review the menu items.

  • Let your server know from the beginning about your child’s food allergy. He or she should know how each dish is prepared and what ingredients are used. Ask about preparation and ingredients before you order. If your server does not know this information or seems unsure of it, ask to speak to the manager or the chef.

  • Avoid buffet-style or family-style service, as there may be cross-contamination of foods from using the same utensils for different dishes.

  • Avoid fried foods, as the same oil may be used to fry several different foods.

Alternately, there are several types of allergy cards available on theinternet that can be customized with your child’s personal information. Oneexample is the Food Allergy Buddy Dining Card, promoted by the NationalRestaurant Association.

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What Are Colds And Allergies

The common cold is a virus of the upper respiratory system which causes symptoms such as a runny nose, cough, sore throat, and general low-level feelings of unwellness. Typically, toddlers with a cold start to feel better within a couple of weeks.

Allergies are caused when your toddlers immune system overreacts to usually harmless elements, such as pollen, pet dander, mold, and insect bites. Allergy symptoms, such as coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose, range from mild to life-threatening. Allergy symptoms usually continue until you remove the allergen or receive treatment.

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Your childâs friends could be a big clue. Have you noticed any of them sniffling lately? Kids tend to pass colds and other illnesses back and forth.

âMost parents know who their kids have been around. We know whatâs going through the community,â McMorris says.

If other children aren’t sick around your child, then you may have to think of other issues that might be causing their symptoms.

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Does My Baby Have Seasonal Allergy Symptoms

“If you take your baby for a walk outside and often notice a runny or stuffy nose, itchy eyes, and trouble breathing, your baby may have an allergy,” says Renee Matthews, M.D., an asthma and allergy expert in Chicago. But kids aren’t typically bothered by outdoor triggers like grass and ragweed until after age 3, so the cause might be something else entirely.

Also, babies can be bothered by household allergens such as mold, dust mites, pet dander, and cockroaches. Nasal allergies affect as many as 40 percent of children, and symptoms can start as early as 6 months. Pay close attention to when your child’s sneezing or itching peaks: This can clue you in to what’s responsible. For example, dust mites live in bedding and furniture, so if your child is allergic to dust mites, she’ll probably wake up with itchy eyes and a runny nose after inhaling them overnight. Or if your baby can’t tolerate pet dander, you might notice that her symptoms erupt when you’re visiting Grandma and her cats.

Nose And Eye Allergies: Age Of Onset

  • Seasonal pollen allergies usually begin at age 2 to 5 years.
  • The symptoms peak in school age children, teens and young adults.
  • Pollen symptoms are rare in children under age 2. They require at least 2 seasons of exposure to the pollen.
  • Children under age 2 who have chronic nasal symptoms have other causes. Examples are recurrent colds, large adenoids or cow’s milk allergy.
  • Food allergies can start during the first year of life, but not pollen allergies.

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The Persistence Of The Symptoms

The common cold usually doesnt last longer than two weeks in healthy toddlers with a good immune system. However, allergies persist as long theres an allergen present. For example, nasal congestion from pollen, dust, or mites can cause issues year-round.

When ignored, allergic reactions such as allergic rhinitis can lead to inflammation in the throat, ear, or sinuses.

Can Babies Have Seasonal Allergies

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Now that spring is finally here, weve also entered allergy season. So we were wondering: Can babies have seasonal allergies? Pediatrician Jack Maypole, MD, weighs in.

Conventional medical wisdom says babies over a year old can have allergies, says Maypole, who is also an Educational Advisory Board member for The Goddard School. You have to see some seasons before you have symptoms of seasonal allergies!

Look for a trio of symptoms in your baby, including itchy eyes, a runny or stuffy nose and wheezing. But, um, dont try to make a diagnosis based on the color of babys boogers.

Babies or toddlers can have clear tears from their nose. They can also have mucusy, green conjunctivitis we call allergic pink eye. You cant make a diagnosis based on color, says Maypole, noting that many parents think green means sickness and clear means allergies.

So if baby has these symptoms, what do you do? If hes over 12 months old, you have the green light on Benadryl. But Maypole recommends starting with a gentler approach.

If your child has the sniffles, steam up the bathroom. Moisture and water vapor can thin out mucus, he says. Thats a great thing to do before bedtime.

If youre concerned about baby having allergies, especially if an older sibling already has them, youll want to talk to your pediatrician and begin tracking symptoms. If symptoms become disruptive or persistent, its probably time to go to an allergist.

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What Foods Should You Avoid If Your Child Has Allergies

Common food triggers in infants include milk, eggs, nuts, sesame and soy, while wheat and shellfish allergies usually show up in older children and adults, Chad says. What to do Parents should consult with their childs doctor immediately in the case of symptoms like vomiting and respiratory issues.

What Should I Do If My Baby Has An Allergic Reaction

If your baby shows any signs of an allergic reaction:

  • Immediately stop feeding your baby the allergenic food.
  • Seek medical advice.

If your baby shows signs of a mild to moderate allergic reaction:

  • Closely monitor your baby for signs of a severe allergic reaction. After all, a mild to moderate reaction could rapidly develop into anaphylaxis.
  • Consult your pediatrician or a health care provider.

If your baby shows signs of a severe allergic reaction/anaphylaxis:

  • Lay baby flat in your arms. Never hold them upright, and do not let them stand or walk.
    • If they have difficulty breathing, sit them up.
    • If they are vomiting, or have fainted, lay them on their side.
  • Immediately administer epinephrine with an auto-injector if available.
    • Keep track of the exact time you used the auto-injector.
    • It’s extremely important that your baby receive epinephrine promptly, as epinephrine is the only medication that can stop anaphylaxis.
  • Urgently call 911. State that your baby is having an anaphylactic reaction, and ask for an ambulance.
    • If you used an epinephrine auto-injector, let the ambulance staff know when you used it, and give the used auto-injector to the staff.

If your baby shows signs of anaphylaxis, immediately give epinephrine if available, and call 911.

State that your baby is having an anaphylactic reaction, and ask for an ambulance.

Benadryl or Zyrtec will not stop anaphylaxis. Only epinephrine can stop anaphylaxis.

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How To Help Relieve Your Toddlers Allergy Symptoms

Avoidance is the first step to treating allergies in toddlers. Pollen and environmental allergens might seem difficult to avoid, but there are steps you can take to reduce your childs exposure.


Look for scent-free and gentle cleansing options cleansers for your toddlers baths. A bath before bed each night helps to remove any allergens from the day and keeps them off of your childs bedding and pillows. Perfumes and dyes can be irritants for little ones skin and are not necessary.


Use gentle cleansers and detergents when laundering clothes. If your toddler has frequent rashes or eczema spots, go for a free & clear detergent in the laundry, and add an extra rinse to your wash cycle. We recommend drying clothes in a dryer or inside. Wind can blow pollen and other allergens on clothes that dry on an outside clothesline.


If your child is allergic to pollen, dress your child in long pants when they are going out to play. This can protect their skin from pollen and other allergens. Its a good idea to have them change clothing or shower after playing outside.



Use allergen-proof covers for your toddlers mattresses and pillows will help protect against dust mites, pet dander, and other allergens while your child sleeps.

What Causes Allergies Later In Life

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Just like childhood allergies, we do not completely understand why some people develop allergies and others dont. We do know there are complex genetic and environmental factors involved. Scientists have proposed theories about why allergies occur, including the hygiene hypothesis that attributes allergic disease in part to the use of antimicrobials and the high standard of cleanliness in modern societies.

Adults can also present with new-onset environmental allergies. In some cases, the patient may have had a tendency to develop allergies all along, but their environment changed, putting them in more contact with the triggering allergen .

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At What Age Can You Test A Child For Allergies

You also have to ask what the testing results will really tell you. I’m assuming that you are not talking about food or drug allergies but rather allergies to things in the environment. The vast majority of children who have chronic allergy symptoms are sensitive to dust mites, molds, and animal danders in the house. . The way to prevent symptoms is to limit the exposure to these agents: Plastic covers for the mattress, use synthetic pillows, get the stuffed animals off the bed and washed regularly, no carpet on the floor, keep dust to a minimum. You may find that her symptoms improve quickly with these measures.

If your child has severe allergy symptoms such as recurrent episodes of wheezing, sinus infections, snoring and sleep apnea, it may indeed be worthwhile to do the testing, even at this age. I suggest that you assess the severity of your child’s allergy symptoms and the circumstances in which they occur, and then talk with the allergist or your pediatrician about the options.

Please note: This “Expert Advice” area of should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.

When Do Allergies Start

If you have allergies, there may be an increased risk for your child to have allergies. Your child may have allergies similar to yours, but parents pass on the ability to become allergic to things, not necessarily the specific allergen sensitivity. So, your child could react to completely different allergens. Even if you dont experience allergies, a child still can develop allergy symptoms.

Kids ages 1 to 2 can start showing signs of being allergic to indoor allergens such as dust mites, mold, cockroaches and pet dander. Seasonal allergies, such as those caused by tree pollen, grass and ragweed, are usually rare in babies. Because of this, children often begin showing signs of seasonal allergies as toddlers, usually between the ages of 2 and 3.

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What Foods Most Often Cause Food Allergy

Approximately 90 percent of all food allergies are caused by the followingeight foods:

  • Milk

  • Fish

  • Shellfish

Eggs, milk, and peanuts are the most common causes of food allergies inchildren, with wheat, soy, and tree nuts also included. Peanuts, tree nuts,fish, and shellfish commonly cause the most severe reactions. Nearly 5percent of children under the age of five years have food allergies. From1997 to 2007, the prevalence of reported food allergy increased 18 percentamong children under age 18 years. Although most children “outgrow” theirallergies, allergy to peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish may belifelong.

A Pediatrician Shares Eight Ways To Tell The Difference Between A Cold And Allergies

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If your child seems to constantly have a runny nose, cough or congestion, you are not alone.

“It’s not unusual for kids to get six to eight colds per year, lasting from 10-14 days,” explains Michael Lee, M.D., a pediatrician with Children’s Health. “Additionally, seasonal allergies have become more prevalent.”

So how can parents tell if it’s a cold or allergies? Dr. Lee explains the difference between causes and symptoms in kids.

Related podcast

Learn more about how to help a child with seasonal allergies by listening to the Children’s Health Checkup podcast.

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Infant Allergic Reactions: What Parents Need To Know

Recent landmark studies show that delaying the introduction of allergenic foods for a babys first 1-3 years of life can actually increase their food allergy risk. Instead, introducing infants to common allergenic foods early and often, between 4-11 months of age, is recommended.

For maximum safety and efficacy when introducing allergenic foods, parents should follow these tips:

  • When youre ready to introduce allergenic foods, choose a time when your baby is healthy.
  • Make sure that an adult can closely monitor your baby for at least 2 hours, to watch for any signs of a reaction.
  • Introduce one allergenic food at a time, as pediatric guidelines recommend. Wait 3-5 days in between introducing each new potentially allergenic food. That way, it will be easier to identify if your child has a reaction.
  • Start with a smaller dose of each allergen and slowly increase the dosage. This gradual approach was used in some of the landmark studies.

Introducing Allergens Safely With Ready Set Food

Ready, Set, Food! lets your family safely and easily introduce allergenic foods to your baby. Heres everything you need to know about how Ready, Set, Food! takes safety seriously:

Ready, Set, Food! can help you introduce allergens safely to your baby!


All health-related content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the advice of your own pediatrician in connection with any questions regarding your babys health.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. If your infant has severe eczema, check with your infants healthcare provider before feeding foods containing ground peanuts.

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  • All health-related content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the advice of your own pediatrician in connection with any questions regarding your babys health.

    FDA Acknowledges Qualified Health Claim Linking Early Peanut Introduction and Reduced Risk of Developing Peanut Allergy in 2017:

    If your infant has severe eczema and/or egg allergy, check with your infants healthcare provider before feeding foods containing ground peanuts.

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    How Do Adult Onset Allergies Develop

    If youre predisposed to a certain type of allergy, but youve never been around that allergen before, it can seem like your symptoms have materialized out of nowhere. Say, for instance, you never had pets growing up. Youre allergic to pet dander, but youd never know it. Then, your roommate decides to get a dog, and your allergies start going crazy.

    So yes, even though it may seem like you just woke up with allergies one day, theres usually a medical explanation for why its happened. Unfortunately, that explanation can be difficult to pinpoint, especially when youre simply becoming aware of an allergy you may have had for some time.

    In other cases, allergies do develop on their own. You may notice changes suddenly, or monitor a gradual shift in your reaction to a specific substance. Adult onset allergies typically develop differently in different people.


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