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How To Solve Skin Allergy Problem

When To See A Gp

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See a GP if you have persistent, recurrent or severe symptoms of contact dermatitis. They can try to identify the cause and suggest appropriate treatments.

A GP may refer you to a doctor who specialises in treating skin conditions for further tests if:

  • the substance causing your contact dermatitis cannot be identified
  • your symptoms are not responding to treatment

Contact dermatitis can be caused by:

  • an irritant a substance that directly damages the outer layer of skin
  • an allergen a substance that causes the immune system to respond in a way that affects the skin

Contact dermatitis is most commonly caused by irritants such as soaps and detergents, solvents or regular contact with water.

Munyaradzi Mukesi1* Ingenecie N Phillipus1 Sylvester R Moyo1 And Owen Pl Mtambo2

1Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia2Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia

*Corresponding author: Munyaradzi Mukesi, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia, E-mail: Int J Aller Medcations, IJAM-3-022, , Research ArticleReceived: September 26, 2016 | Accepted: February 09, 2017 | February 13, 2017Citation: Mukesi M, Phillipus IN, Moyo SR, Mtambo OPL Prevalence of Skin Allergies in Adolescents in Namibia. Int J Aller Medications 3:022.Copyright:© 2017 Mukesi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Multinomial logistic regression, Prevalence, Skin allergies, Atopic dermatitis, Contact dermatitis, Allergens

AD: Atopic Dermatitis CD: Contact Dermatitis MOHSS: Ministry of Health and Social Services OR: Odds Ratio SADC: Southern African Development Community SPSS: Statistical Package for Social Sciences WHK: Windhoek

Table 1: Prevalence of skin allergies in adolescents in Namibia. View Table 1

There were no competing interests amongst authors.

Treating Allergies On The Skin

For allergic reactions that cause skin symptoms, including those associated with allergens found in animal saliva, poisonous plants, drugs, chemicals and metals, additional treatment options include:

  • Topical corticosteroid creams or tablets. Corticosteroids contain steroids that reduce inflammation and itching. Mild forms of these creams can be found online, and a doctor can prescribe stronger versions.
  • Moisturizing creams. Emollient creams with soothing ingredients, such as calamine can treat skin reactions.
  • Bite or sting medication. Medication targeted to reduce allergic reactions to insect bites or stings have a similar effect to other allergy medications.
  • Ice pack. Applying an ice pack wrapped in cloth to the area for 10- to 15-minute intervals can reduce inflammation.

Recommended Reading: How Can Type I Allergic Reactions Be Diagnosed

What Is A Skin Allergy

A skin allergy is when skin becomes irritated because the immune system reacted to something that is usually harmless. This is called an allergic reaction. An allergic reaction can cause rash, itching, burning, redness, bumps, hives, and swelling. Many different allergens can cause a reaction. Below are some of the most common allergic skin conditions:

Do I Have A Skin Problem

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Acne is the most common skin problem. Acne is a skin problem that can affect any area of the body. It can be caused by hormones, genetics, and environmental factors. It can also be caused by bacteria that live on the skin.

Acne occurs when the oil glands under the skin become blocked or clogged.


A skin problem is when your skin is irritated or broken out. It can be caused by your lifestyle choices, or the environment you live in. Skin problems can be caused by food and drink, allergies, infections, medical problems, or from the sun.

Acne is the most common skin problem.

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How To Get Rid Of Sunburn Peeling

One can use Alpha Arbutin serum to reduce sunburn effects. We understand how tempting it is to peel off your skin, but resist! You’ll only make things worse. Allow your skin to shed naturally and use a more relaxing approach. What can aid in peeling skin?

  • Take an OTC pain reliever
  • Take an OTC pain killer like ibuprofen or aspirin to ease any pain or discomfort associated with painful, peeling skin. These medications will also aid in the reduction of inflammation and redness.

  • Use an anti-inflammatory cream or gel
  • Certain topical medicines can aid in the relief of peeling skin irritation. Here are some natural and over-the-counter alternatives:

    • Aloe vera gel, Aloe vera is recognised for soothing sensitive skin, and it could be especially helpful after a sunburn. Applying an aloe vera gel or cream to your skin can help to cool it, reduce irritation, and halt or stop peeling.
    • Cream with cortisone. Cortisone cream sold over the counter can relieve irritation, redness, swelling, and discomfort.
    • Powdered aspirin Some people swear by crushing a few aspirin pills into a fine powder to alleviate inflammation topically if they aren’t allergic to aspirin. To make a goopy paste, combine the powder with a splash of water.
    • Use Vaseline instead of oil or petroleum-based lotions. These products retain heat, which can exacerbate peeling and discomfort.
  • Keep your skin hydrated
  • Take a cool shower or bath
  • Avoid exfoliating
  • Apply a cool compress
  • Consume water
  • Wear sunscreen and cover-up
  • The Problem: Pain Along The Inner Brim Of An Above Knee Prosthetic Socket

    Possible Cause: Sudden weight gain, especially around the holidays, can create what’s called an adductor roll. This extra skin roll sits on top of the inner brim and creates discomfort with every step when it’s compressed.

    Possible Solutions: Try a different technique to apply your prosthesis. Many people have successfully coaxed their adductor rolls inside their sockets using a nylon slip-on aid. Others have used a nylon slip-on aid along with anti-chafing lotion or using a specialized sheath like GlideWear or AK Brim Sheath along the top of your socket. However, if your weight gain is 30lbs or more, a new socket may be warranted. Keep in mind that if adductor rolls are left untreated they may become a permanent fixture on your limb and very difficult for your Prosthetist to reduce with a new socket.

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    How Are Food Allergy Rashes Diagnosed

    1. In order to detect whether your rashes are caused by allergic reactions to specific foods, your doctor may ask you to get a radioallergosorbent blood test done . This blood test will spot the number of antibodies being produced by your immune system. Your doctor will identify the food allergen by seeing the raised level of certain antibodies in your body.

    2. Another method to diagnose your food allergy rash is through an allergy skin test which is also known as scratch test or skin prick test. It helps your doctor identify the substance causing the allergic reaction in your body. The skin on the forearm is usually scratched with a needle to allow a drop of allergen to get inside your skin. If your skin develops redness or itches, it is likely that you are allergic to the particular substance.

    3. Your doctor may also ask you to maintain a food diary. It is the most simple way to determine which food is causing you allergic reaction. Once the diagnosis is done, you need to avoid foods triggering allergies to prevent any symptom. This process is called elimination and change of diet.

    Can Contact Dermatitis Be Prevented

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    If you have allergic contact dermatitis, you will be allergic to the allergen for life. Preventing the rash depends on how easy it is to avoid the trigger.

    The best way to avoid an outbreak is to:

    • Keep your home clear of the substance or substances that trigger the contact dermatitis.
    • Take steps to protect any exposed skin if the triggers are unavoidable. Try to wear protective clothing to minimise contact, for example using gloves when washing up or using cleaning products.
    • Use a barrier cream to protect your skin.
    • Wash your skin as soon as you come into contact with a trigger. Also wash clothing that may have come into contact with it.
    • If you come into contact with your irritants or allergens at work, tell your employer so they can help reduce any contact you have with them.
    • Prevent your skin from getting too dry. Daily moisturisers may help. Apply these after your skin has been wet, such as after washing up, showering or swimming.
    • Avoid extreme changes in heat or cold and humidity.

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    Your Most Common Skin Problem


    It is unclear exactly what causes acne, but it is thought to be a combination of genetics and inflammation caused by hormones. Some lifestyle factors may make acne worse. These include stress and pollution, and also some medications and certain cosmetics . Scarring of the skin resulting from repeat breakouts is possible.

    Acne usually appears on the face, neck, chest, back, or shoulders. The condition consists of blackheads or’spots’ which are inflamed red pa pules with no head that are often very tender. They can also fill with pus or blood if they are picked at.


    A skin problem is when your skin is irritated or broken out. It can be caused by a variety of things. It can be due to your lifestyle choices, or the environment you live in. Skin problems can be caused by food and drink, allergies, infections, medical problems, or from the sun.

    Acne is the most common skin problem. Acne is a skin problem that can affect any area of the body. It can be caused by hormones, genetics, and environmental factors. It can also be caused by bacteria that live on the skin.

    Acne occurs when the oil glands under the skin become blocked or clogged. When the oil glands are blocked, they produce oil.

    Examination Of The Skin

    As previously mentioned, it is important to ensure adequate exposure of the skin, especially in younger children who may be less able or likely to bring the presence of a rash to your attention. In a significant proportion of patients with meningococcal septicaemia, the rash starts on the palms of the hands and/or the soles of the feet so be sure to examine these carefully. Is the rash painful to the touch? Record any swelling of the tissues, especially around the face and the eyes. Gently examine inside the mouth looking for swelling of the tongue. Note the presence of any scratch marks on the body. Note the colour associated with any rashdoes the rash disappear or change colour when pressure is applied? . Table 3 lists the common terms used to describe physical changes in the skin associated with the presence of a rash.

    Table 3

    Common terms used to describe physical changes in the skin associated with the presence of a rash

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    • Hair dye, hair straighteners
    • Nickel a metal found in jewelry and buckles
    • If the patient is sensitive to rubber material, they may be allergic to certain fruits such as butter, kiwi, and chestnut these patients are prone to itching and local rash.
    • Some nuts may cause skin allergies such as pecans, pistachios, pine nuts, walnuts. One of the most common food allergens is peanuts. People who are allergic to peanut cause very serious effects.
    • Other foods containing allergenic proteins include soybeans, wheat, fish , seafood , fruit , vegetables, spices , synthetic and natural colors, chemical additives and chickens.
    • Citrus fruits, especially their shell
    • The scent of soap, shampoo, perfume, and cosmetics
    • Some special medications used on the skin.
    • Environmental pollution, smoke, and dust
    • Change of weather

    What Are Common Symptoms Of Skin Allergy?

    Skinallergies often cause inflammation, rashes, and swelling within the skin. Skin allergy may be different in infants, children, and adults. These symptoms include:

    • The itching occurs more in the evening
    • Red or brownish skin areas appear on the arms, legs, ankles, wrists, neck, chest, eyelids, elbows or knees.
    • Skin is thick, dry and flaky
    • Skin is sensitive and swollen by scratching
    Who Is At High Risk Of This Problem?

    Some risk factors for developing skin allergy include:

    When To See A Doctor?

    Skin Problems Amputees Experience & How To Solve Them

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    Weight, pressure, friction, sweat — the skin of your residual limb has to withstand a lot!

    From time to time, you may find yourself dealing with an uncomfortable situation related to wearing a prosthesis. It’s important to be able to recognize what’s happening and know what steps to take to address the problem. Read below how to treat these prosthetic related skin issues at home or with the help of your Prosthetist.

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    The Problem: Excessive Sweating

    Possible Cause: Amputees have smaller overall skin surface area, which affects the body’s ability to cool itself, and because it takes more physical effort to get around, you sweat more in response to physical exertion. In addition to all that, your limb is enclosed under layers of materials, like prosthetic liners, stump sheaths, and prosthetic socks, which don’t let cool air reach the skin underneath.

    Possible Solution: You can’t totally eliminate perspiration — it’s part of the body’s natural cooling process. But you can invest in a good antiperspirant and sweat control textiles, like a prosthetic sheath or specialized prosthetic sock worn under your foam or gel liner to wick away moisture. If these remedies don’t work, you can consider medical options like Botox injections administered by your Physician.

    Natural Allergy Relief Options

    What helps relieve allergies fast? Watching what you eat, getting plenty of fresh air and drinking enough water are some of the natural remedies that can relieve allergies by improving functions of the immune system.

    It may take several weeks for your symptoms to subside, but they are likely to be better kept under control when you tackle the root causes. Here are nine ways to get natural allergy relief.

    1. Eat an Anti-Inflammatory, Alkaline Diet

    First and foremost, start eating an anti-inflammatory diet to reduce your risk for allergies and many other health problems. Caring for your body with nutrient-dense foods gives your immune system the ability to repair itself, bringing it back into balance so it can fight off common allergies in your environment.

    Here are some of the best foods and ingredients to incorporate into your diet to help you beat allergies:

    Although its not abundant in many foods, vitamin D is also important for immune function and may help manage allergy symptoms. In fact, certain studies have shown that children who live farther from the equator are more likely to develop allergies and suffer higher rates of hospital admissions due to allergic reactions.

    You can get enough vitamin D by spending about 15 minutes in the sun most days without sunscreen and by eating foods like whole milk and some mushrooms for natural allergy relief.

    2. Local Raw Honey

    3. Apple Cider Vinegar

    4. Quercetin

    5. Neti Pot

    6. Stinging Nettle

    • Ginger
    • Horehound

    8. Probiotics

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    Ways To Treat Your Skin Allergy Naturally

    Theres pollen in spring, dust in summer and dry dust in winter the change in seasons brings its own set of irritants and reactors for millions of us that can worsen skin allergy. In India, about 25% of the population suffer from at least one or the other skin allergies.

    The immune system is well equipped to find and fight pathogenic organisms like bacteria and viruses. However, an oversensitive immune system could turn its overwhelming powers against seemingly harmless substances like latex, pet dander or poison ivy. These substances are called allergens. This results in allergic reactions like hay fever, food allergy or skin allergies.

    There are different types of skin allergy. It includes eczema or atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, hives or urticaria and swelling or angioedema.

    Diagnosis And Allergy Testing

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    It may be tricky to find out exactly what your dog is allergic to, especially as its likely to be more than one thing. To begin with, your vet will try to rule out certain allergies that can be easily controlled, such as fleabite and food allergies. For example, to rule out parasites, your vet will prescribe a prescription treatment for your dog , and to rule out a food allergy they may suggest a diet trial/elimination diet, which usually needs to happen over an 8-12 week period. It is possible to check for other allergies using blood and skin tests, but unfortunately, this type of testing isnt 100% reliable. The good news is that its not always necessary to know exact triggers because most skin allergies are treated in a similar fashion.

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    Topical Creams And Ointments

    Antibiotic creams and ointments are useful in treating cuts. But this is not true among people with an allergy to neomycin, an ingredient found in topical antibiotics and anesthetics used to provide pain relief, such as creams, ointments, ear drops, and eye drops. These medicines are drying to the skin and create more of an irritant reaction rather than an allergic reaction, says Day. People with a sensitivity to neomycin experience inflamed rashes at the point of contact. If you think you may be allergic to neomycin, an allergist can perform a skin patch test to confirm it. Once you are certain about the allergy, its important to alert your doctor and dentist so they can avoid products with neomycin when treating you.


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