One Of The Most Common Medical Complaints That We See In Our Office Is Dogs With Skin Infections Hot Spots Or Allergic Dermatitis Also Known As Atopic Dermatitis
Unlike people who react to allergens most commonly with nasal symptoms and/or hives, dogs react with skin and/or gastrointestinal problems. This is because there are a higher proportion of mast cells, which release histamines and other vasoactive substances in the face of an allergic challenge, in the skin of dogs. These problems may range from poor coat texture or hair length, to itching and chewing, to hot spots and self-mutilation, gastrointestinal pain and discomfort, diarrhea, and flatulence. Allergies may also play a part in chronic ear infections. The most common causes of canine allergic dermatitis are flea allergy, food allergy, inhalant or contact allergy, and allergy to the normal bacterial flora and yeast organisms of the skin. To make matters more difficult to diagnose and treat, thyroid disease may add to the problem as well.
In order to overcome these frustrating symptoms, your veterinarians approach needs to be thorough and systematic. Shortcuts usually will not produce results and only add to owner frustration and canine discomfort.
Inhalant and Contact AllergiesSubstances that can cause an allergic reaction in dogs are much the same as those that cause reactions in people including the pollens of grasses, trees and weeds, dust mites, and molds. A clue to diagnosing these allergies is to look at the timing of the reaction. Does it happen year round? This may be mold or dust. If the reaction is seasonal, pollens may be the culprit.
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Treating an allergy to adhesives on bandages Use an anti-itch cream or lotion, such as calamine lotion or a cream with at least 1 percent hydrocortisone. Take an antihistamine, such as Benadryl, to reduce itching. Keep the area moisturized. Avoid scratching the rash. Use a cool compress on the area.
Can Surgical Tape Cause Rash
Localized rash There are two types of contact dermatitis: Allergic contact dermatitis. Things like antibiotic ointment placed on your skin and surgical glue or tape are the more common causes of allergic contact dermatitis. You will develop a rash only if you are allergic to the substance you come in contact with.
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Who Is Likely To Have A Latex Allergy
Less than 1% of people in the US have a latex allergy. Although latex allergy is rare, the condition is more common in certain high-risk groups.
The highest risk is in children with spina bifida. Spina bifida is a condition in which the spine fails to form completely before birth. More than three out of every five children with spina bifida are allergic to latex.
Children who have frequent medical treatments or lengthy surgeries are also at high risk. Many medical supplies use latex from gloves to tubing to enema tips.
Between 8 to 17% of health care workers and others who regularly use latex gloves are allergic to latex. Health care workers and children who have other allergies and get contact dermatitis when they use latex gloves are more likely to develop a latex allergy.
New cases of latex allergy are no longer common. However, in the 1980s and 1990s they were much more frequent. Now, many health care facilities use non-latex gloves and products.
What Are Important Things To Know About Latex Allergy And Schools
Providing a safe environment for students at school goes beyond food and environmental allergies latex allergy must also be considered. In the school setting, we often see latex allergies in children who have experienced multiple medical procedures, especially children with spina bifida.
Latex appears in items commonly used in school, including many brands of erasers, balloons, rubber bands, gloves, balls and mats used in physical education. The school needs to identify latex-free school products and latex-free sports equipment when a student has an allergy.
All members of the school community should collaborate to manage latex allergy by:
- Educating the school community
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Duskyskincom Tips To Prevent Latex Allergy Rash
Everything becomes alright when you will take some precautionary measures. No condition can get better without taking safety precautions.
- If you have latex allergy rashes then avoid contacting it with your hand. Because by scratching the rash with your hands or nails makes the rash more severe. Avoid touching or scratching the rash.
- If you have a rash on your body then use loose dresses that cannot touch to your effective part of the skin. By continuously touching the cloth to the rash makes the condition more ruthless. Always wear a loose-fitting dress from which air can pass easily.
- Avoid taking exercise or workout that becomes the reason for sweat. Sweating can make allergic rash ruthless. Keep yourself in an air-conditioned room.
- Wash your hands after and before applying creams or lotion on the allergic site.
- After washing the allergic rash allow it to dry and then apply calamine lotion on it. But do not leave it for a long time because it can irritate the skin rash more.
- Avoid cosmetic products because these products containing chemicals make the skin rash severe.
- Keep allergic rash away from the sun, because UV light of the sun is very dangerous even for normal skin.
Measures Should Be Taken If Your Job Involves Exposure To Latex
If you are latex allergic and your job involves frequent exposure to latex, you should:
- Use latex free gloves.
- Request that non-powdered latex gloves be supplied to others in your area of work. This reduces airborne latex particle exposure, and has been shown to dramatically reduce the risk of developing latex allergy in occupational settings.
- Look after your hands and have any irritation or rash evaluated by a doctor. An intact skin barrier reduces the risk of developing latex allergy.
- It is important to note that avoiding any contact with latex is also an effective method of preventing latex allergy, particularly for non-medical use such as food handlers and hairdressers.
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Beauty Products And Cosmetics
Allergic reactions to cosmetics can be induced by fragrance allergies, but they may also be caused by preservatives used in cosmetics. Skin irritation is a common problem at the site of contact with cosmetics and may be experienced by anyone, but allergic reactions such as redness, swelling, and hives tend to occur in people who are allergic to specific ingredients, like formaldehyde, parabens, and thimerosal. A surprising allergen is wet nail polish the most common cause of eyelid dermatitis. Once the nail polish is dry, you can touch your face and eyes, but you should avoid contact until it is completely dry, says Day. If you experience a cosmetic allergy, stop using all cosmetics, and then gradually reintroduce products into your routine to isolate the culprit.
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People At The Greatest Risk For A Latex Allergy
The number of healthcare workers affected by latex allergies is much higher than average. In fact, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America estimates that between 8 and 17 percent of all healthcare workers have the allergy. The increased use and exposure to latex is thought to be the main reason for the higher rates in this group.
Others who are at increased risk include:
- those with food-related cross-allergies
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What Products Contain Natural Rubber Latex
Latex is a common component of many medical and dental supplies. These include disposable gloves, dental dams, airway and intravenous tubing, syringes, stethoscopes, catheters, dressings and bandages. Latex also is found in many consumer products. These include condoms, handbags, balloons, athletic shoes, tires, tools, underwear leg and waistbands, rubber toys, baby bottles, nipples and pacifiers.
I think my allergist kept me alive. I didnt think I would live.
Gerri, who had a life-threatening reaction to latex
Medical Treatment By A Dermatologist:
If you are suffering from severe rashes then consult with your dermatologist. The first-line treatment given by your dermatologist will be antihistamines.
If you have a severe condition then get give you epinephrine to keep down the harsh condition of rashes. Epinephrine administered intravenously calm down the condition of anaphylaxis.
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Why Is My Contact Dermatitis Spreading
Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.
What Does A Latex Allergy Look Like On Skin
Skin irritation: Itching, inflammation, redness and swelling appear after skin contact with latex. For example, you may have itchy lips after blowing up a balloon or vaginal irritation after having sex with a partner who used a latex condom. Rash: An itchy rash appears where the latex touched your skin.
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How Can Latex Allergy Be Prevented
If you have latex allergy you should avoid direct contact with all products and devices that contain latex. Also avoid food that causes an allergic reaction. Latex allergy problems during dental, medical or surgical procedures can be prevented by warning health care providers about latex allergy before any test or treatment. Latex allergic people can receive medical or dental care in a latex-safe area. Hospitals and clinics that use only low protein latex gloves and non-latex gloves have experienced dramatic declines in new cases of latex allergy.
Allergists can provide latex-allergic people with information and assistance to help them avoid products which may contain latex. The American Latex Allergy Association also has additional information.
With the right treatment plan, youll understand how to manage your allergies, so you can be in control.
Im not afraid to go out there and have fun. I control my allergies. They dont control me.
When To See A Doctor
If youre having a reaction on your vulva or in your vagina, feel like latex condoms are to blame, and your ob-gyn has ruled out other sources of irritation, you may want to see an allergist who can do allergy testing to determine your latex sensitivity, Dr. Wider says. If you can see your doctor while youre having a mild reaction, the Mayo Clinic says thats even betterit can help with your diagnosis.
Once you get a proper diagnosis, your doctor will recommend a treatment plan for the future.
However you choose to handle a latex condom allergy, we’re wishing you and all of your parts good luck.
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How Can I Safely Visit A Doctor Or Dentist
Tell them about your latex allergy at least 24 hours before your appointment. The hospital or doctor’s office should have a plan in place so they can use products like nonlatex gloves to treat you.
Ask for the first appointment in the morning. Even if your doctor or dentist uses latex-free gloves for you, there can be latex particles in the air from gloves used with other patients. You’re more likely to avoid these particles by getting there early.
If you have to stay in the hospital, you’ll usually be given your own room, free of products that might give you a reaction.
How Do I Find Out What Im Allergic To
Your doctor can check to see what youâre reacting to, but finding the exact cause may be hard. Skin tests can only show what youre sensitive to. They cant tell what touched your skin in a specific spot on a specific day.
Doctors often use the T.R.U.E. test . Its a pre-packaged set of three panels that your doctor will stick to your back. Each is smaller than a dollar bill and has 12 patches with samples of possible allergens. You wear them for 2 days. Then the doctor takes them off to see if youve had any reactions. You might need to come back a few more times, since some reactions could show up as many as 10 days later.
You might be allergic to something that isnât in the standard T.R.U.E. test. To figure that out, your doctor may do more patch testing. Theyâll choose substances you might contact in your work, home, or hobbies.
If you have a mild reaction in any patch test, you might need to follow up with a R.O.A.T. test . It works a lot like the T.R.U.E. test, but you do it yourself. Put the suspected allergen, say, sunscreen, on your skin during the day in the same spot over several days. This can help confirm or rule out your sensitivity.
The dimethylglyoxime test looks for metal objects that have enough nickel to cause a reaction. Your doctor can test things in the office, or you can buy a kit to test jewelry and other items yourself.
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How To Diagnose Latex Allergy
In most cases, a diagnosis of latex allergy can be made from an accurate history and clinical examination. There are a number of skin tests which can confirm latex sensitivity, including patch tests , skin prick test and radioallergosorbent assay blood test , which is not as accurate as the skin tests.
Use Alternatives To Prevent Allergy:
You can use some alternatives of latex to prevent its allergic reaction. In studies, it is precisely clear that health workers face this problem more commonly. To prevent them from latex allergy some alternatives are available to prevent this problem.
- The blood pressure cuff is made of latex that can become the reason of latex allergy rash. So try to use natural rubber products so that people can stay away from the allergy of latex.
- Synthetic polyisoprene used in place of latex, silicone, nitriles, and polyurethane can be used in the place of rubber latex products.
- Natural rubber products are preferable in the place of rubber latex.
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Association With Oral Allergy Syndrome
Many people with an immediate latex allergy will also have what’s called oral allergy syndrome. This is a condition in which a latex-allergic person notices itching and swelling of the mouth after eating certain foods, most commonly banana, melons, avocado, kiwi, and chestnuts. This is due to the presence of proteins in the foods that are similar to those found in the latex. Not all people with latex allergy to react to any or all of these foods.
While most oral allergy symptoms are mild and last only a few minutes, some people can experience more severe reactions to these foods. It is best for a person with latex allergy to avoid any food that causes oral allergy syndrome symptoms.
What Causes Latex Allergic Reactions
During an IgE-mediated allergic reaction, your bodyâs immune system overreacts to a substance that isnât harmful to most people. Your immune system tries to protect you by releasing a chemical called histamine into your bloodstream. Histamine causes symptoms of an allergic reaction. You may experience hives, runny nose and trouble breathing.
An allergic reaction to latex can happen when you touch or come into contact with latex products. Your immune system may also react if you breathe in tiny latex particles in the air. You may not have a reaction the first time youâre exposed to latex. With each exposure, your allergic reactions may get worse.
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Diagnosis Of Drug Rashes
A doctors review of all current prescription and over-the-counter drugs
Stop drugs most likely to have caused the reaction to see whether rash goes away
Sometimes skin biopsy
Figuring out whether a drug is responsible may be difficult because a rash can result from only a tiny amount of a drug, it can erupt long after a person has first taken a drug, and it can persist for weeks or months after a person has stopped a drug. Every drug a person has taken is suspect, including those bought without a prescription, such as eye drops, nose drops, suppositories, and herbal products, so doctors review all of the prescription and over-the-counter drugs a person is currently taking. Doctors try to determine whether the rash started shortly after a person began taking a drug. The drug most likely to be causing the rash will probably be stopped to see whether the rash goes away.
Sometimes the only way to determine which drug is causing a rash is to have the person stop taking all but life-sustaining drugs. Whenever possible, chemically unrelated drugs are substituted. If there are no such substitutes, the person starts taking the drugs again one at a time to see which one causes the reaction. However, this method can be hazardous if the person has had a severe allergic reaction to the drug.
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Can A Latex Allergy Be Treated
There is no cure for latex allergy. If you are allergic to latex, you should:
- Avoid products that contain latex.
- Tell providers, caregivers, teachers and friends that theyâre allergic.
- Avoid areas where latex may be in the air, such as a hospital room where providers use latex gloves.
- Talk to your healthcare provider about wearing a medical alert bracelet. In a medical emergency, the bracelet lets others know youâre allergic to latex.
- If an IgE-mediated allergic reaction to latex is diagnosed, you should carry injectable epinephrine with you. Show caregivers, friends and family members how to give you an injection if youâre having a reaction and canât inject yourself.
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