Stay Away From Chlorine And Strong Perfumes
Odors such as chlorine from a swimming pool and strong perfumes can irritate the nasal airways and lungs and make you cough. Irritants such as perfume and dyes in cosmetics and cleaning products can also cause an allergic skin reaction, known as contact dermatitis. Dermatitis can cause a rash and lead to itching, which will make your other allergy symptoms feel even worse.
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Common Side Effects And Warnings
Generally speaking, cetirizine or Zyrtec can help manage allergic reactions for people of all ages. However, taking allergy medication daily can have side effects that vary and can impact individuals differently. For this reason, it’s crucial to consult your doctor before taking Zyrtec. Medline Plus advises against self-medicating and to take the medicine exactly as directed.
Drugs.com also warns that antihistamines like Zyrtec are known to cause drowsiness and can impair your thinking or reactions. Therefore, you’ll have to be extra careful if you’re driving or doing any activity that requires alertness and concentration. Healthline further reiterates this claim, advising against using heavy machinery at work or home until you’ve taken it for a while and you understand how your body reacts to it. Lastly, be aware that drug interactions might change how Zyrtec works, according to Mayo Clinic. So it helps to remind your doctor of the other medications you’re taking.
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What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider
- What type of antihistamine would work best for me?
- How do I proper take the prescribed antihistamine?
- What side effects might occur with the recommended medication?
- What antihistamine wont interfere with the current medications I am taking?
- When, or for what conditions, does taking an antihistamine that would make me drowsy make sense?
- Can I live my life normally while using this medication? Can I drive? Can I operate heavy machinery?
- Can I take antihistamines if I am pregnant, planning to become pregnancy or am breastfeeding?
- Can antihistamines be safely given to my child?
- What are the consequences if I dont take an antihistamine to help with my allergies?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Histamine is on your side. The chemical does its best to regulate help your heart and lungs and protect your body from foreign allergens, among other roles. But it can be oversensitive, and it can overreact, and thats where antihistamines can help. If youre have allergies, stomach symptoms or any of the other conditions and symptoms mentioned in this article, talk to your healthcare provider about your options. Your symptoms may be able to be treated.
Always check with your healthcare provider and your pharmacist if you have concerns about antihistamines, and always follow the directions on the labels!
What Is Claritin Supposed To Do
Claritin is a brand name for the drug loratadine which is an antihistamine used to treat allergies as well as hives or rashes. Antihistamines reduce the effects of histamines. Histamines are natural chemicals the body produces to help your body get rid of something thats bothering your immune system, such as an allergen.
In order to get rid of the allergen, histamines will heighten your bodys defense system causing you to sneeze, cough, tear up, have a runny nose, and itch to help get the allergen out of your system. Sometimes histamines can go overboard and leave you a miserable, sneezing, itching mess, so many people use antihistamines like Claritin to reduce the response their body has to allergens.
Claritin is designed to reduce the following symptoms:
Claritin uses a formula that avoids the drowsiness many antihistamines produce so you can get allergy relief without feeling tired or foggy.
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Whats The Difference Between First
Just like the name implies, the first generation antihistamine were the first type approved by the Food and Drug Administration . They began to be approved in the United States in the 1930s and are still prescribed today.
They work on histamine receptor in the brain and spinal cord along with other types of receptors. Most notable about this generation of antihistamines is that they cross the blood-brain barrier, which results in drowsiness.
Second-generation antihistamines were approved by the FDA and first came to market in the 1980s. The second-generation antihistamines do not cross the blood-brain barrier to the extent that first-generation do and therefore do not cause drowsiness at standard dosage levels. Second-generation antihistamines are considered to be safer than first generation antihistamines because they dont cause drowsiness and interact with fewer drugs.
Which Type Of Allergy Medication Is Right For You
Dr. Menachof, MD, has specialized in conditions around the head, throat, ear, nose, neck and face for over 20 years, and was the first to bring sublingual allergy drops to Colorado in 2005. He has been recognized as a Fellow by multiple academies, named one of Americas Top Facial Plastic Surgeons continually since 2003 and is featured in multiple national publications.
There are many different ways to treat allergies, and some treatments work better than others depending on your symptoms and lifestyle. Each person reacts differently to allergensthe irritants that trigger histamine reactions and cause symptoms like stuffy nose and itching. The same is true for allergy medications as well.
It may take some trials with different medications, or a combination of several, to find the ideal relief from all of your allergy symptoms. Allergy treatment options include antihistamines, decongestants, combination drugs, corticosteroids, and other medications. Immunotherapy is also a long-term approach to allergy treatment, which gradually increases your tolerance to allergens through allergy shots or allergy drops.
Below we explain the differences between several types of allergy medicine, how they work, and which allergy symptoms they alleviate most effectively.
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How Are Antihistamines Classified
Antihistamines are divided into two major subtypes. The first subtype is called H-1 receptor antagonists or H-1 blockers. This subtype of antihistamines is used to treat allergy symptoms. The second subtype is called H-2 receptor antagonists or H-2 blockers. They are used to treat gastrointestinal conditions, including gastroesophageal reflux disease , peptic ulcers, gastritis, motion sickness, nausea and vomiting. The naming structure tells doctors and scientists the cell type the location of the histamine receptor that the antihistamine medication blocks.
The H-1 blocker subtype is further broken down into two groups first-generation antihistamines and second-generation antihistamines.
What Is The Usual Dosage Of The Tablet
Usually, the cetirizine tablet is manufactured in the form of a 10 MG tablet. If you are struggling with allergic reactions, then doctors will prescribe cetirizine tablets for the same. You mustnt skip any dose of the tablet. In addition to this, track the tablet dosage and follow the doctors schedule given. Overdose can happen if you miss taking medicine. Therefore it is necessary to note your missed dose. Then after the meal, you should take the tablet and follow accordingly. In any case, if you are concerned about the dosage, seek an immediate opinion from your doctor. General instructions for the dosage of the tablet:
- You should take only 10 MG of one tablet in a single day.
- Doctors may prescribe two tablets in a day if the allergic reaction is severe.
- Patients must not exceed 10 MG consumption it may hinder the respiratory system.
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Can I Take Antihistamines If Im Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
Its safest to talk to your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. Animal studies have shown that some antihistamines can cause birth defects. Small amounts of antihistamines pass on to your baby if you breastfeed. For these reasons your healthcare provider will want to talk with you and make careful choices if there is any concern for your or your childs safety.
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A few of the times, a person taking Allegra can have side effects. Due to the side effects also a person might feel dizzy and aches in their body. It is always highly recommended that before taking any type of Allegra on their own, a doctor should always be consulted. A person suffering from kidney diseases or diabetes should take them in a lower amount as it might be harmful for their condition.
A pregnant woman should choose to avoid taking any Allegra as it might be harmful to the baby. It should only be taken if there is any kind of urgency. Lastly, Allegra is only good for a limited time and constant dosage can be harmful in the future.
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When To Consider Surgery
If you have been working with your primary care provider for several months, have given medications a lengthy trial, and still are not making the headway that you want, then it’s probably time to see a specialist. By the time most people see an allergist or an ear, nose and throat specialist, they’re generally frustrated, miserable and ready to talk surgery. However, in Dr. Olsen’s experience, most of these people still can get their allergies under good control with allergen avoidance and medical therapy alone. Sometimes it just takes an aggressive regimen up front to get the inflammatory response under control before a person can transition to a good maintenance regimen.
Dr. Olsen ends up operating on only about 10 to 15 percent of the people who come to him for allergy treatment. For those who don’t respond to medications, two surgical procedures can be very helpful:
It is important to note that surgery does not cure allergies, but in properly selected patients, surgery can be very helpful, working synergistically with sinus medications to open blocked pathways and allow allergy medications in to do their job.
The Best Of Both Antihistamines And Decongestants
Certain allergy medications contain both an antihistamine and decongestant to relieve multiple allergy symptoms at once. These combination drugs can be an effective treatment for people who experience nasal congestion or trouble breathing in addition to other allergy symptoms like hives or itchy eyes.
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Side Effects And Risks
Anyone taking antihistamines or any medication should check the label to see which active ingredients the medication contains to avoid the risk of an overdose. If a person overdoses on sedating antihistamines, they may experience cardiac abnormalities or seizures.
If a person suspects that they are experiencing an overdose, they should seek immediate medical attention or call the American Association of Poison Control Centers for advice at 1-800-222-1222. The AAPCC helpline is open 24 hours and is toll-free.
Most people can safely take of OTC or prescription antihistamines for short periods.
However, antihistamines can cause mild side effects in some people. These may include:
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Best Treatment To Manage Allergies Long Term
Immunotherapy is a great option for anyone who suffers from severe allergy symptoms, especially for those with year-round allergies. Immunotherapy works by exposing you to gradually increasing levels of an allergen to help your immune system slowly build a tolerance, relieving allergy symptoms and even preventing new allergies from developing.
Allergy shots are one form of immunotherapy that require frequent office visits to be administered by a doctor. Allergy drops are a revolutionary form of immunotherapy that can be taken under the tongue from home each day to relieve allergy symptoms long term. Both allergy shots and allergy drops can be prescribed by a doctor after specific allergies are determined by an allergy test. This is a long term approach to allergy relief and management, with most patients taking allergy shots or drops for a period of three to five years.
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How Do Decongestants Work
During an allergic reaction, tissues in your nose may swell in response to contact with the allergen. That swelling makes fluid and mucus. Blood vessels in the eyes can also swell, causing redness. Decongestants work by shrinking swollen nasal tissues and blood vessels, relieving the symptoms of nasal swelling, congestion, mucus secretion, and redness.
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How Long Does Zyrtec Take To Work
According to Drugs.com, Zyrtec generally takes 20 minutes to work in some people, while others may experience relief about one hour after administration. One hour is also when the drug reaches its peak concentration. Healthline reiterates this claim, stating that people who take antihistamines should feel relief in as little as one hour. As for the dosage, your doctor’s prescription should normally advise on this. But as a guide, the NHS advises that adults can take one 10 mg tablet daily. For children ages 6 to 11, one 5 mg tablet twice daily will suffice children 2 to 5 years get one 2.5 mg tablet twice per day.
It’s also worth pointing out that various lifestyle factors might affect how Zyrtec will perform its work. Smoking, alcohol, and the use of illegal drugs might interact with the medication, according to Cleveland Clinic. It’s therefore crucial to adhere to your doctor’s prescription and adopt best practices when taking Zyrtec.
Who Can Take Antihistamines
Most people can safely take antihistamines.
But speak to a pharmacist or GP for advice if you:
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
- have an underlying health condition, such as heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease or epilepsy
Some antihistamines may not be suitable in these cases. A pharmacist or doctor can recommend one that’s best for you.
Always check the leaflet that comes with your medicine to see if it’s safe for you before taking it or giving it to your child.
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How Long Does It Take Allergy Shots To Work
Allergy shots have been around for around 50 years and have extensive research to back up their effectiveness. Because immunotherapy teaches your body to have a more measured response to the culprit allergen, the length of time varies based on the severity of the allergey and the pliability of your immune system to learn how to better manage the allergen.
Most patients experience a significant reduction in allergic symptoms within 12 months of initiating therapy, and by three years, many patients no longer have any sensitivity to the substance. Continued high-level exposure to the allergen during treatment may impact the efficacy of the treatment. For example, if youâre getting immunotherapy because youâre allergic to cats and you live with a cat, it may take longer for the immunotherapy to work, if at all.
Twelve months may seem like a long time when youâre accustomed to taking pills that quickly mask symptoms, but the sooner you start immunotherapy, the sooner you can lose the pills and feel better every day. Book online today.
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Allergy Drops And Food Allergy Treatments
Allergy drops might also be effective for food allergies, but a lot less research has been done on it compared to oral immunotherapy .
OIT is another method used to desensitize you to an allergen. But its only used for allergies to food, especially peanuts. Its similar to allergy drops, but instead of the allergen being in a tablet thats put under your tongue, youre given tiny amounts of the food allergen to eat.
An article comparing OIT and allergy drops have found that OIT works better but has more side effects. Using both methods together may give a better result with fewer side effects. More studies are needed.
OIT is also not FDA approved. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, while we cant know if or when a standardized OIT product would be developed by anyone or approved by the FDA, the most likely would be for peanut allergy.
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How Dog Allergies Are Treated
Treatment for your doggies allergies depends on the severity of your pets symptoms and their overall health. Veterinarians will first work to determine if your dogs symptoms are allergy related or due to another underlying health condition. They may run an allergy test to determine what your dog is allergic to.
To treat severe dog allergies, vets may prescribe a combination of medication, supplements, and topical therapies like shampoos and conditioners. Sometimes, there is never a 100% fix for your dogs allergies, according to Dr. Erica Irish.
It can take a lot of testing and a lot of trial-and-error to figure out what your dog is allergic to and how you can help ease their symptoms.